Afghanistan Access to Justice (AA2J)
Afghans, in particular marginalized groups such as women, children, prisoners and detainees are vulnerable as to the protection of their rights and access to justice. This UNDP implemented project will strengthen the justice institutions to better fulfil their constitutional and human rights obligation. It will thus contribute to the provision of fair access to justice as well as to vulnerable people’s ability to seek and obtain an effective legal remedy.
Droits de la personne
État de droit - démocratie - droits de l’homme
Développement des systèmes légaux et judiciaires
Droits de la personne (y compris droits des femmes)
- Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement
- International Narcotics and Law enforcement Affairs (INL) /International Development Law Organization (IDLO), through project-Justice Sector Support Program (JSSP)
- UNAMA Human Rights/OHCHR
- UNAMA Rule of Law
- UNDP Law & Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)
- UN Gender Based Violence (GBV) Harmonization Framework
- World Bank
- Afghanistan Intendent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC)
- Ministry of Women’s Affair
- UN Women
Elements of access to justice such as legal protection and legal aid, prosecution and adjudication, settlement or enforcement are severally contested in Afghanistan. International support has been provided to address those obstacles but has often not been sustainably embedded in national systems. As a result, Afghans are restricted in their access to justice. Part of the problem is the multitude of state and non-state institutions that are directly or indirectly providing justice services. However, these institutions are equally challenged in capacity; and their roles and responsibilities in the provision of access to justice as well as their interaction with the State Justice Institutions are ill-defined or not well understood.
Trust in and access to fair, effective, and accountable rule of law services is increased in accordance with applicable international human rights standards and the government’s legal obligations.
Ministry of Justice as the main State partner
Three provinces of Kabul, Herat and Balkh
Justice Sector Institutions (Ministry of Justice-Legal Aid Grand Facility, Afghanistan Independent Bar Association, Public Legal Awareness Unit and Human Rights Support Unit,
Ministry of Internal Affairs- Family Response Unit, Criminal Investigation Department, and Attorney General’s Office,
Supreme Court, Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) pilot court,
Afghan people, particularly the vulnerable group and Violence against Women Survivors.
|Effets à moyen terme||
Afghans, in particular vulnerable and marginalized groups such as women, children, prisoners and detainees, have increased and more sustainable access to justice through strengthened capacities of Rule of Law institutions.
Principaux résultats attendus:
Afghans, in particular women, children, prisoners and pre-trial detainees, are increasingly aware of their rights and receive legal aid
Targeted rule of law institutions increase capacity and coordination among themselves and with other sectors to increase access to justice in particular in relation to Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) law violations
The Ministry of Justice strengthens its legislative drafting and human rights capacities
Principaux résultats antérieurs:
Rule of Law Indicator Study finalized and adopted by State to serve as a baseline to inform justice sector reform.
Research and recommendations conducted on Conciliation of Civil Disputes Resolution Law, Law on Obtaining Rights, Civil Service Law, and Criminal Law Reforms Working Group completed the 24 Chapters and 200 articles of the Penal Code.
Human Rights Support Unit established itself as a prominent unit within the ministries by appointing focal points in relevant state institutions and providing them with human rights trainings.
|Direction/office fédéral responsable||
Coopération au développement
|Partenaire de projet||
Organisme des Nations Unies (ONU)
Key donors: UNDP: 400’000/ Italian Development Cooperation: 3 Mio (tbc)/ Canada: 6 Mio (tbc)/ INL: 2 Mio Earmarked for EVAW Court; other interested donors: EU, Norway, Sweden
|Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs||
|Budget||Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF 4'000'000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF 3'950'000|
|Phases du projet||
Phase 2 01.08.2016 - 30.06.2019 (Completed)Phase 1 01.11.2009 - 31.03.2016 (Completed)