Note: the texts under all the headings, with the exception of 'Results achieved', describe the situation before the start of the project.
Asbestos disposal in the Voivodship Lublin
In the past, asbestos was greatly appreciated as a building material until it was realised that asbestos dust posed a serious health risk. Switzerland is helping Poland to introduce a system for the monitoring and disposal of asbestos in the Voivodship Lublin. It will also remove rubbish containing asbestos from illegal dumps and will renew the roofs of 32'000 houses.
Protecting the environment
- An asbestos management system is established.
- 32'000 house roofs covered with tiles made of asbestos cement are to be renewed.
- In recent years, material containing asbestos has often been disposed of on illegal dumps. The project disposes of and neutralises 45'200 tonnes of such material.
- The Polish authorities run an information campaign to raise awareness about the health risks posed by asbestos.
- 79'000 tonnes of asbestos was removed from 32’000 buildings and 715 poor families received new roofs.
- Continuous awareness campaign, including comprehensive media campaigns on radio and TV.
- National Coordination Unit
- Polish Ministry of Development
Poland is one of the countries in which asbestos was used very frequently in the building industry. Today we know that asbestos dust in the air causes cancer. The voivodship Lubelskie will have to dispose of about 2,000,000 tonnes of asbestos in order to protect the population from health risks.
The health risks posed by asbestos fibres are to be reduced by means of the renovation of buildings and the introduction of a system of waste disposal. The overall living conditions in Lublin will be improved as a result. The project also contributes to the protection of the environment.
The direct beneficiary is the voivodship Lubelskie as the institution receiving direct financial support for the implementation of this project. Indirect beneficiaries are the communes, owners, administrators and inhabitants in the area covered by the project as they benefit from improved asbestos management, reduced exposure to asbestos containing materials, and a healthier environment. As most of the asbestos containing materials are located in rural areas, the respective residents will be particularly benefitting from this project.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Swiss Contribution to the enlarged EU
Lubelskie Voivodship’s self-government
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 13’215’785 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 10’720’111|
Phase 1 15.12.2009 - 31.12.2016 (Completed)
Asbestos is the generic term for a group of natural, fibrous silicate minerals. Because asbestos is draught-proof, heatproof and resistant to acid, is an excellent insulator and is relatively cheap, it was widely used in Poland, particularly for the production of asbestos cement products in the building industry. Today it is well-known that asbestos fibres that are released during the renovation, rubbing or weathering are a health hazard when they are inhaled. Even small concentrations of asbestos dust in the air can be carcinogenic. Poland therefore plans to dispose of all materials contaminated with asbestos by 2032.
New asbestos management system in the Voivodship Lublin
In the framework of its enlargement contribution, Switzerland will spend CHF13.2 million on the disposal of asbestos in the Voivodship Lublin. This will improve the living conditions and the health of the population of Lublin, where there are still high concentrations of asbestos as a building material.
One regional and three small local offices will be set up to ensure that the asbestos is disposed of correctly. These offices will be responsible for identifying material containing asbestos and ensuring that it is neutralised.
Renewal of 32'000 roofs containing asbestos
House roofs covered with tiles made of asbestos cement are also to be replaced. As the asbestos weathers in the course of decades, there is a danger that fibres and dust will come loose and be inadvertently inhaled by those living in the houses. Material containing asbestos will be removed, taken away and neutralised from 32.000 houses. The new roofing will have to be paid for by the tenants, although poorer households will be able to apply for financial support. The Polish partners have opened up special credit lines with advantageous conditions to help such people. As a result of these measures, 79'000 tonnes of material containing asbestos can be permanently disposed of in an environmentally friendly manner.
Information about asbestos as a health risk
The Polish authorities will run an information campaign to raise awareness about the health risks posed by asbestos. It will focus on the dangers of illegal and incorrect disposal. It will also suggest solutions and show how asbestos can be safely disposed of and neutralised.
Further projects for the improvement of waste management in Poland
In total, Switzerland will contribute CHF 38.8 million to three Polish projects. In the framework of these projects more than 40'000 households will benefit from the removal of asbestos.
I am pleased to learn that the Marshal’s Office of Lubelskie Voivodeship is implementing this project, together with the Swiss Contribution Office, because it will enable me to dispose of asbestos virtually free of charge. I will not have to look for a licensed asbestos removal company, arrange transport or worry about recycling, since the Marshal’s Office will take care of everything. I have applied for funding for the removal of the roofing material from my house that contains asbestos, because I am aware of the dangers associated with exposure to this substance. I hope that more people will make use of this opportunity in the future, since they will be able to improve their living conditions and have a positive impact on the environment in our region.
Antoni Startek, resident of Kraśnik in Lubelskie VoivodeshipAntoni Startek, Einwohner von Kraśnik in der Woiwodschaft Lublin