Conserving Forests through sustainable forest-based Enterprise Support in Tanzania

Charcoal © FDFA

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Impiego & sviluppo economico
Canbiamento climatico ed ambiente

Supporto commerciale & inclusione economica
Generazione di energia rinnovabile
Politica di riforestazione
01.12.2019 - 30.11.2022
CHF  3’440’000
Contesto Natural forests are vital in sustainable development, climate change mitigation and adaptation. Despite their importance, forests in Tanzania are rapidly disappearing. Most deforestation occurs on village land and is driven by demand for agricultural land and biomass, which covers an estimated 85% of the energy needs. Charcoal is also a source of livelihoods for approximately 300,000 people. Community-based forest management (CBFM) with sustainable natural forest based enterprises, such as charcoal production and timber harvesting, have the potential to reduce deforestation and at the same time generate employment and incomes for rural communities. The ongoing review of the National Forest Policy and elaboration of a National Charcoal Policy represent an excellent opportunity to advocate for this model, which is supported by SDC since 2012 and has achieved broad recognition and support at both national and sub-national levels.
Obiettivi Sustainable and equitable pro-community natural forest management that transforms the economics and governance of forest product value chains and contributes to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Gruppi target
  • Rural communities, including men, women and children;
  • Government at all levels and policy makers, in particular the President’s Office for Regional Administration and Local Government, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, and LGAs.
Effetti a medio termine
  1. The capacity of national, regional and local authorities and community members are strengthened to implement and scale-up CBFM in ways that diversify livelihoods and reduce deforestation.
  2. A supportive policy framework and financing mechanisms for CBFM and sustainable natural forest-based enterprises are in place.
  3. Research and learning institutions in Tanzania are generating new knowledge about enterprise-oriented CBFM and are integrating this in student learning.

Risultati principali attesi:  

  • National government institutions, additional Local Government Authorities (LGAs), NGOs, and private sector have the institutional, technical and financial capacity to support the establishment and implementation of CBFM including  forest-based enterprises;
  • Increased inter-sectoral cooperation and policy alignment supports a more sustainable policy environment and financing mechanisms for CBFM, natural forest-based enterprises and reduced deforestation on village land;
  • Research is conducted on CBFM and forest-based enterprises, including on ecological sustainability and gender.

Risultati fasi precedenti:  

The project has developed capacities and piloted a mechanism to implement and finance CBFM by integrating sustainable charcoal and timber production, thereby achieving a win-win for forest protection and community development whereby:

  • 30 villages have established their Land Use Plans, Forest Management Plans and by-laws, registering 141,610 ha of woodland as village land forest reserves. Approximately 10% are designated as charcoal units with sustainable harvesting guidelines.
  • The 21 already producing villages are in average collecting close to US$1000/month as royalties from charcoal and timber. Part of this income goes into improving social services and infrastructure. Also, 1,917 charcoal producers have each earnt average additional incomes of US$13/month/producer. These amounts are significant when compared to villages budget and average income in rural Tanzania.
  • On average, annual deforestation has been reduced by 59% from 2010-2014 to 2016-2017.
  • Women participation has increased in land and forest governance, and in forest-based enterprises.

Direzione/Ufficio responsabile DSC
Credito Cooperazione allo sviluppo
Partner del progetto Partner contrattuale
ONG internazionale o straniera
Economia privata
  • Settore privato straniero Sud/Est

Coordinamento con altri progetti e attori Coordination has already started with the European Union, Finland, Norway and the World Bank, who are all active in the forestry sector in Tanzania. Coordination has also been initiated with the Global Program on Climate Change and the Environment and with two initiatives it supports: the African Forest Forum (AFF) and the Global Forest Financing Facilitation Network (GFFFN).
Budget Fase in corso Budget Svizzera CHF    3’440’000 Budget svizzero attualmente già speso CHF    2’887’261
Fasi del progetto Fase 3 01.12.2019 - 30.11.2022   (Fase in corso) Fase 2 01.12.2015 - 31.03.2020   (Completed) Fase 1 01.01.2011 - 30.04.2016   (Completed)