SPARK - Regional Employment Programme in Jordan and Lebanon

In Lebanon and Jordan, the protracted refugee crisis, structural fragility, political and economic crises, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic have led to increased poverty and unemployment, especially among youth and women. Switzerland’s contribution to the SPARK Regional Employment Programme will support both countries to retain and create quality employment opportunities, to prepare local and refugee populations for such opportunities and to facilitate their transition from education to work.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Beschäftigung & Wirtschaftsentwicklung
Schaffung von Arbeitsplätzen
KMU Förderung
01.09.2021 - 31.12.2023
CHF  0
Hintergrund In Lebanon and Jordan, young people and women are most affected by the limited employment opportunities. Unemployment is high (estimated at 25% in Jordan and 37% in Lebanon), in particular among young people (40% in Jordan and Lebanon) and women (Jordan: 33% compared to 23% of men; Lebanon: 14% compared to 10% of men in 2019). The labour market is not able to retain existing or generate new employment opportunities for the amount of job seekers from both host and refugee populations, resulting in rising poverty level and increased tensions between different population groups. Vocational skills development struggles with quality, access, and a poor reputation. Switzerland will engage regionally aligned to its Cooperation Programme Middle East (SCP ME 2019-2022), bring in its own thematic expertise along the spectrum from education to work, and contribute to the creation of enabling framework conditions.
Ziele The overall goal of the Regional Employment Programme of SPARK is to contribute to improved socio-economic inclusion by retaining and creating quality employment opportunities for vulnerable Lebanese, Jordanians, and refugees, with a particular focus on youth and women.

Three main target group levels are identified:

Vulnerable populations in Lebanon and Jordan, including refugees, youth and women (access to employment); with higher (vocational) education for white collar jobs and with little or no formal education qualifications for blue collar jobs.

Existing and new entrepreneurs with growth potential (employment creation).

Public and private service providers and policy makers (enabling environment).

Mittelfristige Wirkungen
  1. Scale-up: High-growth-potential Small and Medium-sized Enterprise owners expand their business, creating employment opportunities for vulnerable groups.
  2. Match-up: Vulnerable groups are matched with decent employment opportunities.
  3. Start-up: Young enterpreneurs start their own businesses, creating employment opportunities for vulnerable groups.
  4. Skill-up: Young graduates from labour-market-oriented higher education and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) courses are better prepared to start their own enterprises or to take on decent employment opportunities.

Erwartete Resultate:  

  1. Improved quality of business development services, managerial skills and improved access to finance and markets for growth businesses.
  2. Improved labour market information and job matching support, internship placements and improved vocational and higher education skills of vulnerable groups.
  3. Improved start-up skills and coaching services, as well as access to seed funding and markets for new enterpreneurs.
  4. Strengthened relevance of offer and increased capacities of higher education skills providers, as well as improved entrepreneurial skills of higher education and TVET graduates.

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
Internationale oder ausländische NGO

Andere Partner
SPARK (Dutch non-profit organisation)
Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren
  • SDC projects from Global Programme Migration and Development; Humanitarian Aid
  • SPARK REP main co-funders: Qatar Fund for Development, Arab Fund, EU Madad Fund, Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Islamic Development Bank, Kuwait-Al Nouri Society, Microfund for Women, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF    0 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF    0