Official development assistance (ODA) from member countries of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) totalled USD 161.2 billion in 2020, an increase of 3.5% in real terms over 2019. Spending on the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to this record level of ODA.
Switzerland’s performance compared with other countries
Update of 14th April 2021
Among the 29 DAC member countries, ODA in real terms rose in sixteen (including Switzerland) and fell in thirteen in 2020. Six countries (Sweden, Norway, Luxembourg, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom) have achieved the United Nations’ target of having ODA reach 0.7% of gross national income (GNI). The cumulative ODA from DAC countries as a share of GNI is 0.32%. Since 2018, ODA has been calculated on the grant-equivalent basis adopted by the OECD.
The Swiss ODA/GNI ratio reached 0.48% in 2020, up from 0.42% in 2019. This increase is to be explained by the combined effect of additional resources deployed to support international action to mitigate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the impact of the economic downturn linked to the highly unusual situation in 2020. Excluding asylum-related costs, Switzerland's ODA/GNI ratio in 2020 was 0.44%.
Switzerland comes in 9th in the international ranking comparing the ODA/GNI ratio of all DAC member countries. In absolute terms, the largest donors are the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and France. Here, Switzerland ranks 11th.