Climate and Clean Air in Latin American Cities Plus Programme Phase 2 (CALAC+ 2)
Phase 2 of the Climate and Clean Air in Latin American Cities Plus Programme (CALAC+) will support the consolidation and implementation of local and national measures to reduce emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases (GHG) from urban transport and non-road mobile machinery to protect the climate and human health. CALAC+ will foster normative and technological changes through regional cooperation, building on Swiss expertise, and share the programme’s experience at the global level.
Climate change and environment
- Foreign private sector South/East
|Target groups||Direct beneficiaries: Government officials of the Ministries/Secretariats of Environment, Transport and Public Works of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru; Indirect beneficiaries: Due to the scope of the measures promoted by CALAC+2, the urban population of Bogota, Lima, Mexico City and Santiago de Chile, totalling about 34 million inhabitants, will ultimately benefit from improved air quality. To a lesser extent, CALAC+2 will benefit urban populations of other cities in the 4 partner countries, as well as Quito, Cuenca and La Paz.|
Outcome 1 Cleaner urban transport:
Emissions of ultrafine particles, black carbon and greenhouse gases from the public transport system are significantly and sustainably reduced.
Outcome 2 Public policy incubator for non-road mobile machinery: Proposed policies and regulatory frameworks for the reduction of emissions of ultra-fine particulate matter, black carbon and greenhouse gases from non-road mobile machinery in urban areas are implemented.
Outcome 3 Regional and Global Cooperation: Proven policies, actions and cost-effective technologies are systematised and shared at regional and global level.
· Evaluation of the performance of electric buses to accelerate the modernisation of the public transport fleet. (Outcome 1)
· Country specific financing models to renew the urban public transport fleet. (Outcome 1)
· Technical document to introduce environmental labelling for non-road mobile machinery. (Outcome 2)
· Study to identify incentives for the use of clean machinery in cities. (Outcome 2)
· Protocol for verifying machinery emissions certification (including generators). (Outcome 2)
· Studies of clean technology operation in zero emission cities. (Outcome 3)
- Tool for the dissemination of country experiences as well as technical documents. (Outcome 3)
Results from previous phases:
Outcome 1 – Soot-free and low-carbon buses: contributions were made to the introduction of cleaner technology to reduce emissions in the urban bus fleets in Bogota, Lima and Mexico City, based on the experience of Santiago. In Santiago, the efficiency of electric buses in circulation and their life cycle was evaluated, awakening the interest of Bogotá and Lima with a view to expanding and renewing their fleets.
Outcome 2 – City policy incubators for urban off-road machinery: CALAC+ has succeeded in raising awareness about the importance of NRMM as a major contributor to emissions in the four countries. In Colombia it supported the enactment of unprecedented regulation for new machinery. In Mexico City and Lima, the issue is now being incorporated into local air quality plans. In Chile, it was possible to increase the positioning and scope of the country's internal objectives and CALAC+ accompanied the Chilean Ministry of Public Works in the implementation of diesel particle filters in its equipment.
Outcome 3 – Global knowledge management network: The experiences generated in the four partner countries were shared at the regional and global levels through workshops and events. One of the key aspects for the promotion of normative and technological changes in both the transport sector and NRMM has been to assess the health and environmental benefits of measures, as well as their cost-benefit ratio. CALAC+ developed four tools to conduct this analysis that have generated great interest in the partner countries and have been presented at global level in the CCAC.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Swiss Non-profit Organisation
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
Global: Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT).
Regional: Pan American Health Organization (WHO/PAHO), The Pacific Alliance, Regional Platform on Resilient and Low Emission Development Strategies for Latin America (LEDS LAC).
Switzerland: Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), ETHZ, VERT-Association.
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 3’200’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 380’000 Budget inclusive project partner CHF 3’500’000|
|Project phases||Phase 2 01.08.2021 - 31.07.2025 (Current phase) Phase 1 25.11.2016 - 31.07.2021 (Completed)|