Strengthening Vocational Education and Training - SVET

The project will enhance the employability of young people by improving the Technical Vocational Education and Training System (TVET) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This will be achieved by ensuring that practical training is conducted on the job and that collaboration among employers, TVET schools and education authorities is institutionalised and anchored in the regulatory framework. TVET students will acquire labour market relevant skills that will allow them to find decent jobs, while private sector will be more competitive with skilled labour. 

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vocational training
Sector not specified
Vocational training
Education policy
Teacher training
01.07.2023 - 30.06.2026
CHF  3’250’000
Background The quality of the TVET system in Bosnia and Herzegovina is still below international standards and has led the country into a situation of significant skills shortages and low productivity. The skills mismatch between the TVET system and the labour market causes difficulties in school-to-work transition and contributes to high youth unemployment (30% m, 37.5% f). As a consequence, TVET has a bad reputation in BiH as it often prepares youth for low skilled jobs with poor salaries and limited perspectives, creating more exclusion in society. The private sector is however more and more interested in TVET as it is facing increasing challenges to find skilled labour force which significantly hinders its competitiveness. This seriously impacts on the economic development which heavily depends on the SME sector which accounts for 68% of all jobs and contributes 62% of total value added in the country. The administrative complexity of the country with 12 different TVET systems, resulted in a fragmentation of the TVET stakeholder landscape. TVET is also gender-biased with young women underrepresented in TVET with a share of only 30%.
Objectives Young women and men in selected regions benefit from an institutionalised dual oriented Technical Vocational Education and Training System allowing them to find attractive and decent jobs in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Target groups The target group includes employers and their associations/chambers, TVET schools in the selected regions and the respective education authorities. TVET students are the end beneficiaries of the project.
Medium-term outcomes

The following outcomes will be pursued: 

  • Elements of inclusive dual-organised vocational education and training are introduced, developed and institutionalised at the level of chambers, school authorities, TVET schools and training companies in partner regions.
  • Young women and men, students of TVET schools, acquire skills that fit the needs of the labour market. 

Expected results:  

  • 800 participants in TVET teacher trainings(40% f) and 150 in-company trainers trained to implement dual-oriented curricula in their TVET schools and companies.
  • 550 TVET students (200 f) from at least 13 TVET schools benefit from the dual-organised education programs and receive in-company training in at least 150 companies. Higher number of female students in this phase is expected due to the increasing attractiveness of TVET (better salaries and more employment opportunities) and better knowledge of education workers how to address gender and social inclusion in TVET.
  • 12 recommendations for strengthening TVET systems with integration of learning outcomes in the field of green economic transformation and digitalisation prepared and implemented. 

Results from previous phases:  

  • Total of six laws, regulations or strategies for the introduction or improvement of dual-organised and gender sensitive TVET have been adopted by authorities and pedagogical institutes in entities or cantons. 
  • 443 (46 f) young persons from nine TVET schools enrolled into three-year dual-organised TVET programmes (e.g. cutting machine operator, car mechatronics, plastic processing operator, car repair mechanic). 399 of them are mentored by qualified mentors from 119 companies. 
  • Three chambers of commerce have assumed new tasks in the framework of dual-organised TVET with focus on training of mentors in companies and creation of a register of contracts of TVET students trained at companies.
  • The gender and social inclusion practical guidebooks for TVET schools are developed by teachers and pedagogues.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Project partners Contract partner
Private sector
Foreign state institution
  • National State Institute North
  • Foreign private sector North
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit - GIZ

Coordination with other projects and actors
  • Regional Challenge Fund will provide additional opportunities for better cooperation between TVET schools and private sector. 
  • Local Economic Development project will address TVET contribution to local economic development and cooperation with private sector in specific locations. 
Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    3’250’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    997’500
Project phases Phase 2 01.07.2023 - 30.06.2026   (Current phase)