Strengthening Associations of Municipalities and Cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In the complex institutional and legal system and incomplete policy context for decentralisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the two entity Associations of Municipalities and Cities (AMCs) are formally recognized as actors of decentralization, advocating for local governments (LGs). The project aims at enhancing AMCs’ capacities to actively support local governments in the provision of efficient services to their citizens, and to improve LGs role, status and position towards higher levels of government in BiH.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Bosnia y Herzegovina

Política del sector público
Gestión de las finanzas públicas
01.01.2018 - 31.03.2022
CHF  2’062’000
Contexto In 2016, after years of standstill, the EU integration process has been revived with the acceptance of BiH’s membership application. Still, BiH as a country in transition continues to struggle with serious development challenges, including slow economic development, growing poverty and socio-economic inequalities. The complex political set up of the country and elite capture inevitably affects the potential of local governance as a key driver for municipal development and effective service delivery to citizens. Local governments are often trapped by inadequate and vertically not harmonized policy and legal frameworks on local governance and insufficient funds. AMCs have succeeded to be formally recognized as important actors of decentralization. They increasingly cooperate and register initial successes in terms of policy influencing. However, present capacities and resources of both AMCs still remain insufficient to (i) position them as real drivers of complex legislative and policy changes, or (ii) to offer quality services to local governments country-wide.
Objetivos Strengthened AMCs enhance local governments’ service provision to citizens and foster the creation of a conducive framework for local governance and EU accession.
Grupos destinarios Direct beneficiaries are the two entity AMCs with all key structures – Assembly, Presidency, Supervisory Board (governance level), Standing Committee, Networks of Expertise (technical level) and Executive Secretariat (operational level). Indirect beneficiaries are all 144 municipalities in BiH. End beneficiaries are citizens of BiH who will receive better services.
Efectos a medio plazo
  • AMCs introduce institutional and organizational changes in order to perform effectively, thereby gaining trust and credibility among their members
  • LGs/members benefit from AMCs’ improved services in the areas of EU accession and Local Government Finance in line with their mandate and EU accession requirements
  • AMCs’ undertake proactive and evidence based lobbying and advocacy in line with LGs’ interests and the EU accession process, thereby influencing policy, regulations and their implementation

Resultados previstos:  

  • Measures for institutional and organizational development and adequate management structures introduced
  • Systematic interaction (incl. oversight) between AMCs’ leadership (Presidencies, Secretariats) and members increased
  • Networks of expertise and mechanisms for consultations between AMCs, members and higher levels of government strengthened
  • Management of external resources (NGOs, private sector and experts) improved
  • Tools for knowledge sharing, documenting, archiving and communication introduced
  • Capacities of AMC governing bodies in management of annual planning processes increased
  • Training modules in EU integration and LG financing developed and diversified trainings provided by AMCs
  • Survey-based monitoring platforms for LG service delivery introduced
  • Service oriented sustainable financing model for paid services developed
  • Capacities for systemic collection of data for lobbying strengthened and applied in key areas
  • New policy documents and advocacy instruments developed and applied

Resultados de las fases anteriores:   From 2010-2014 the Swedish Sida (lead donor) has been engaged in supporting the two entity AMCs in developing their human and institutional capacities for advocacy, service provision and knowledge/ information exchange. The support has generated results in terms of advancing AMCs’ capacities. The achievements are related to: (i) improved AMCs participation in high-level law-making processes and working groups, (ii) raised awareness of local governments for common advocacy initiatives, (iii) more positive image of AMCs, and (iv) improved performance of AMCs’ Secretariats (operational level). During the Inception Phase of this Project, an i) Assessment on the Impact of the EU Accession on Local Governments, ii) an Assessment on the Impact of the Reform Agenda on Local Governments, and iii) a Baseline Report have been produced as baselines for the preparation of the implementation phase.

Dirección / Officina Federal responsable COSUDE
Crédito Cooperación con Europa del Este
Contrapartes del proyecto Contraparte del contrato
Institución estatal extrangera
  • National State Institute North

Otras contrapartes
SALAR/Swedish Association of Municipalities (facilitating agency), Entity Associations of Municipalities and Cities, 144 municipalities, Ministry of Administration and Local Self- Governance RS, Ministry of Justice FBiH
Coordinación con otros proyectos y actores
  • SDC Integrated Local Development Project (ILDP), with regard to services for local development planning and management
  • SDC Municipal Economic and Environmental Project (MEG), with regard to promoting LG performance management models
  • SDC Strengthening Local Communities Project (MZ), in terms of promoting community participation platforms and legislative changes
Presupuesto Fase en curso Presupuesto suizo CHF    2’062’000 Presupuesto actual suizo ya emitido CHF    1’845’471
Fases del proyecto Fase 1 01.01.2018 - 31.03.2022   (Fase en curso)