Ayuda alimentaria: reducción de riesgos y prevención de crisis

La lucha contra la malnutrición y la desnutrición es una prioridad de la COSUDE. Mediante la ayuda alimentaria, la COSUDE recurre a instrumentos humanitarios para salvar vidas y paliar el sufrimiento.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

En su calidad de socio contractual del Acuerdo sobre ayuda alimentaria, Suiza brinda asistencia en esta materia y contribuye a mejorar la seguridad alimentaria en todo el mundo. En este contexto, la Ayuda Humanitaria de la COSUDE se basa esencialmente en la cooperación con el Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA) de la ONU y con ONG. En 2018, las contribuciones de Suiza al PMA ascendieron a 75 millones de CHF y se destinan a 27 países. Más del 50% de los fondos se asignaron a las crisis de hambre en África. El resto de los fondos se destinó a países del Cercano y Medio Oriente, a otros países de Asia, así como a Haití y Colombia.

La ayuda alimentaria brindada por la Confederación con productos lácteos suizos se transfirió en los últimos años a una nueva modalidad más flexible. El objetivo de dicho cambio es llegar a la mayor cantidad posible de personas necesitadas. En 2017, la COSUDE brindó apoyo en 16 países a programas de 20 ONG y tres representaciones suizas mediante el envío de leche en polvo desde Suiza por un valor de 7 millones de CHF. Otros 13 millones de CHF se destinaron al PMA. A partir de 2018, la totalidad de los recursos se asignarán al PMA. En Argelia y Corea del Norte, países en los que la leche en polvo constituye la mejor modalidad de intervención, el PMA compró productos en Suiza por el precio definido para la exportación.

Asimismo, en el periodo actual de la Embajada en ejercicio (2017-2020) se aportará una compensación de 7 millones de CHF para apoyar a proyectos de alimentación. Dichos recursos se destinan ante todo a ONG, que en el pasado se han beneficiado de envíos de leche en polvo desde Suiza.

Contexto

Más de 820 millones de personas sufren de desnutrición. El deterioro de la situación mundial en materia de alimentación se debe principalmente a persistentes conflictos, que recrudecen a menudo a raíz de catástrofes climáticas tales como sequías o inundaciones. Las regiones en situación de conflicto en el África subsahariana, tales como Somalia, el Sur de Sudán, la República Democrática del Congo, el noreste de Nigeria, Yemen y el Cercano y Medio Oriente son las más afectadas. Los habitantes de dichos países necesitan con urgencia ayuda humanitaria y abastecimiento de alimentos.

El PMA trabaja fundamentalmente con pagos en efectivo que promueven la comercialización de alimentos de producción local. Al mismo tiempo, se garantiza la libertad de decisión de los destinatarios.

La comunidad internacional intenta cada vez más preparar a las personas amenazadas por el hambre mediante la toma de medidas adecuadas para afrontar posibles crisis.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 22

Multisectoral response to the humanitarian needs and protection risks of children, adolescents, and their families in the Orinoco Mining Arc.

15.06.2023 - 31.12.2024

The NRC intervention seeks to provide assistance in the sectors of Protection, Education, Food Security and Livelihoods, and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, to 6,483 direct beneficiaries, including children, adolescents, and their families in communities and schools of the Orinoco Mining Arc; a hotspot area for illegal mining and high levels of violence in Bolivar state, near the border between Venezuela and Brazil, a priority area for the SDC Guidance Note for Venezuela 2022-2024.


Provide support to multi-sectoral needs for vulnerable families in the states of Bolivar and Sucre States

01.06.2023 - 31.12.2024

In cooperation with national and international stakeholders, RET will provide multi sectorial assistance for a total of 7’331 direct beneficiaries in Sucre and Bolívar states, by addressing their basic needs and strengthening opportunities in the sectors of food security and livelihoods, nutrition and health services, as well as in water, sanitation and hygiene; in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan for Venezuela 2022 – 2023 and the SDC Guidance Note for Venezuela 2022 – 2024.


Multisectoral response to the humanitarian needs of vulnerable people in Amazonas, Zulia and Bolivar states

01.06.2023 - 31.12.2024

Amid the protracted crisis in Venezuela, Action Against Hunger will provide humanitarian assistance in the sectors of Food Security and Livelihoods, Health and Nutrition for a total of 15’961 direct beneficiaries, identified as the most vulnerable population in Amazonas, Bolívar and Zulia states – border states with Colombia and Brazil; in line with the United Nation’s Humanitarian Response Plan for Venezuela 2022 – 2024 and the SDC Guidance Note for Venezuela 2022 – 2024


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, South Sudan

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - DRC

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Central Africa

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Additional Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans, DRC

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba, Haiti

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.


JPOs4UN Programme 2023-2028

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2028

The JPOs4UN programme aims at increasing the presence of Switzerland in the UN by augmenting the number of Swiss nationals working in SDC priority UN organizations. Switzerland directly funds partner humanitarian UN organizations to hire 11 Swiss young professionals on a three-year Junior Programme Officer contract; the Swiss foundation CINFO provides administrative support and career counselling. Swiss nationals add to a qualified and diverse UN workforce to implement the Agenda 2030.


Contribution to the implementation of WFP 2021-2025 Protection and Accountability to Affected Populations Policy (PAAP)

01.01.2023 - 30.04.2026

The World Food Programme (WFP) Strategic Plan 22-25 aims at a "people-centered, needs-driven and dignifying" approach in its operations. To reach this, Switzerland contributes to the implementation of the 2020 Protection and Accountability to Affected Populations (AAP) policy, which states how WFP makes sure the food-insecure persons it supports are protected from risks, are duly served and can meaningfully participate on the design of operations.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 22