Formación profesional: la puerta de entrada al mundo laboral

Una formación profesional de calidad puede contribuir a reducir la pobreza cuando logra que los alumnos se integren de forma permanente en el mercado laboral con condiciones de trabajo decentes. El objetivo es lograr un desarrollo económico inclusivo. La COSUDE trabaja con las autoridades públicas y con el sector privado para desarrollar ofertas de formación adaptadas a las necesidades del mercado.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La COSUDE defiende la idea de que la formación profesional debe proporcionar las competencias necesarias para participar en la vida económica y acceder a un trabajo debidamente remunerado. El objetivo es que los profesionales que reciben formación dispongan de las herramientas necesarias para participar en las actividades económicas formales e informales, ya sea como empleados o por cuenta propia.

La empleabilidad de los aprendices y su contribución al aumento de la productividad de las empresas son factores clave para la COSUDE. Se trata de aumentar las oportunidades de formación, velando por que todos los sectores de la población puedan aprovecharlas: los pobres y los menos pobres, las mujeres y los hombres, las poblaciones urbanas y las rurales.

Para que los sistemas de formación implantados respondan lo mejor posible a las necesidades de los educandos y de la economía, la COSUDE se encarga de vincular tanto a las autoridades públicas como al sector privado en su planificación y puesta en marcha. Los programas de formación dan buenos resultados cuando su contenido es teórico y práctico, como el sistema de aprendizaje dual implantado en Suiza.

La COSUDE se esfuerza por mejorar las ofertas de formación profesional, pero también anima a que se reconozcan la experiencia laboral y el aprendizaje informal –a veces adquirido de forma autónoma–, algo de lo que pueden presumir muchos profesionales.

Según el caso y el contexto, la COSUDE recomienda la inclusión de módulos de introducción a determinados oficios durante el período de enseñanza obligatoria. Resultan de gran utilidad los servicios de orientación profesional en la escuela secundaria. Idealmente, la formación profesional debe servir de puente entre la educación básica y el mundo del trabajo. Con esa perspectiva, la COSUDE completa su intervención en este ámbito llevando a cabo actividades destinadas a fortalecer al sector empresarial y a estimular la creación de empleo.

Contexto

En 2017, hay 71 millones de jóvenes en paro en todo el mundo, y casi el doble se encuentran en situación de pobreza, muchas veces porque ni han recibido formación, ni gozan de una situación laboral adecuada. A nivel mundial, solo el 11% de los jóvenes que cursan la enseñanza secundaria reciben formación profesional.

Resulta evidente la necesidad de aumentar las ofertas de formación para que los jóvenes puedan demostrar plenamente su potencial en el mercado laboral. La formación profesional, al igual que la educación básica, es un requisito esencial del desarrollo económico y social; es fundamental que la formación profesional se apoye sobre una buena formación inicial y que, cuando sea necesario, pueda reforzarla.

No obstante, una formación profesional de calidad solo tiene sentido si quienes la reciben encuentran posteriormente salidas profesionales. Según el Banco Mundial, deberían crearse 40 millones de nuevos puestos de trabajo cada año para absorber el número creciente de jóvenes que entran en el mercado laboral, especialmente en el África subsahariana y en Asia meridional.

La disponibilidad de una mano de obra cualificada puede aumentar la productividad y la competitividad de las empresas, lo que tiene un impacto positivo en el crecimiento económico y la creación de puestos de trabajo. Es imprescindible brindar oportunidades a los más vulnerables y satisfacer las aspiraciones de los jóvenes para evitar que se desperdicie el potencial humano y económico.

Testimonios de beneficiarios

Beneficiarios de la formación profesional cuentan sus historias.

Género y formación profesional

La COSUDE integra en sus proyectos el respeto de la igualdad entre hombres y mujeres, y vela por el acceso de las mujeres al mercado laboral.

Proyectos Actuales

Objeto 13 – 24 de 138

Territorial Inclusive Economic Development in the Mosquitia region, department of Gracias a Dios

01.08.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Honduran Mosquitia is one of the poorest and most conflict-ridden region in the country. With the program, Switzerland promotes income for the indigenous population, improves food security and thus contributes to reducing migration and improving regional stability. In cooperation with the private sector the program generates 1000 net new jobs, seeks to increment the income of 1700 families by 5% per year (USD 360/year in 2020), and promotes an increase in public investment in the territory by at least 10% per year. 


Enhanced Skills for Sustainable and Rewarding Employment (ENSSURE) Phase II

16.07.2021 - 15.07.2025

For Nepalese women and men to gain and retain social and economic benefits from lifelong learning, the establishment of a well-functioning federalised Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system is crucial. In light of its long-standing expertise in TVET and federalism, Switzerland is well placed to support the implementation of a federalised TVET system that responds to the needs of enterprises and increases the prospect of gainful employment for all, especially youths. 


Skills for Local Economic Development SLED

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

Switzerland will explore opportunities for supporting local economic development through vocational skills development in predominantly rural areas in Southern Shan. A focus on market-oriented skills opportunities accessible to young women and men, especially from vulnerable groups will be identified that open life-long learning opportunities to improve livelihood options and support peace building and security in conflict-affected areas.


Reintegration of Returnee Migrant Workers Project

01.01.2021 - 31.05.2027

The project will contribute to ensure migrant workers benefit fully from their migration experience by supporting the reintegration of returnee migrant workers in Nepal. It will work with the Nepali Government to provide reintegration services and support policy development to anchor them in the federal structure. Switzerland has a key interest that the potential of migration for development is fully used and is well positioned to engage on the topic, given its track record in migration in Nepal. 


Program Contribution to the Alliance Terre des Hommes Schweiz-Suisse 2021-2022

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

Terre des hommes schweiz and Terre des Hommes Suisse have formed an alliance to pool their expertise to address the root causes of exclusion and vulnerability of children and young people. tdh schweiz is competent in participatory approaches for young people and focuses on promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights, a culture of peace and sustainable livelihoods. TdH Suisse has a strong expertise in the integrated promotion of the right to participation, protection against exploitation and violence, and education, including education for sustainable development. 


Enhancing Youth Employment (EYE)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2024

In order to contribute to the better employment perspectives for young women and men in Kosovo, the Enhancing Youth Employment project will focus its support in its last phase on improving technical and soft skills for young people through promoting non-formal training solutions. At the same time, it will facilitate the improvement of career guidance services and the labour market information system that would in turn contribute to better informed career choices for young people in Kosovo.


Facilitating Safe and Skilled Migration on the Central Asia - Russian Federation/Kazakhstan Corridor

01.12.2020 - 31.12.2025

Labor migration to Russia and Kazakhstan constitute a lifeline for millions of families in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, but its poor regulation negatively affects its development benefits. The program aims at enhancing labor mobility governance along the Central Asia-Russia/Kazakhstan migration corridor. By facilitating pre-departure orientation and skills-matching interventions for prospective migrants, it will foster migrant workers’ protection and enhancethe livelihood perspectives for the poorest in Central Asia. The program builds on Swiss migration expertise and contributes to the strategic link between international cooperation and migration policy.


O3+ Our Rights, Our Lives, Our Future

01.10.2020 - 14.09.2025

This project uses targeted interventions in post-secondary educational institutions in Zambia and Zimbabwe to improve access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among 18-24 year-olds. Working with UNESCO and Ministries of Higher and Tertiary Education, the project brings Switzerland’s lengthy experience in the HIV/SRHR field to bear by targeting an often neglected cohort of young people with tailored interventions to reduce HIV infections, unintended pregnancies, and gender-based violence. 


Eritrea Vocational Skills Training

01.09.2020 - 30.09.2023

Building upon a successful pilot phase (2017-2019), Switzerland will continue to contribute to two well established NGO-ted initiatives on technical and vocational education and training in Eritrea. The initiatives aim at improving the quality of teaching in targeted vocational skills institutions and testing the possibility of engaging in entrepreneurial activities. Ultimately the goal is to contribute to giving better life perspectives and job-opportunities to young Eritreans in their home country.


Decent work, protection and well-being for migrant workers and their families in Sri Lanka

01.09.2020 - 31.08.2024

The programme aims to maximise the benefits of migration for sustainable development in Sri Lanka. It will support government institutions and other actors in implementing policies related to fair and ethical recruitment, skills development and provide reintegration support for returning migrants in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. A special focus is placed on elevating migrant workers’ voices in advocacy. The intervention creates entry points to engage with the newly elected government in Sri Lanka. 


Vocational training for the labour market insertion of vulnerable youth in Nicaragua. - «Skills for Success»

01.08.2020 - 31.12.2023

7’000 young people improve their employability and income through quality vocational skills training designed in partnership with the private sector. The project fosters a culture of entrepreneurship and promotes collaboration between training centres and the private sector in a challenging economic environment. In the context of this exit phase SDC furthermore consolidates its long-term effort to strengthen the national VST system through a final investment in gender sensitive teacher training and modern learning facilities.  


Nepal Vocational Qualifications System (NVQS) Phase Il

16.07.2020 - 15.07.2024

Based on Swiss expertise in Technical and Vocational Education and Training, the project

contributes to establish a federal vocational qualifications system. The NVQS will increase the

transparency on the labour market for employers and workers, improve official recognition of

workers competencies in hospitality, construction and automobile sectors and allow links between

TVET and general education to access higher level qualifications for better employment in

domestic and international labour market.

Objeto 13 – 24 de 138