Acceso a los recursos naturales, la formación y los ingresos

Mujeres y hombres en Burkina Faso alrededor de una mesa con una máquina.
En la formación, las mujeres deben tener las mismas oportunidades y derechos que los hombres. © COSUDE

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel esencial en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, tanto en zonas rurales como urbanas. La COSUDE promueve el acceso de las mujeres a los recursos naturales, la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La COSUDE pretende consolidar el papel de las mujeres en la seguridad alimentaria. Sus prioridades son las siguientes:

  • Establecer la igualdad de derechos en el acceso a los recursos, prestando especial atención a la gobernanza de la tierra.
  • Promover el empoderamiento económico de las mujeres mejorando las cadenas de valor, y velando por su acceso a la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.
  • Integrar en las economías rurales sistemas de seguridad social sensibles a la dimensión de género.

Contexto

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel fundamental en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, ya que tienen una importante presencia en la producción agrícola y en la economía rural. Sin embargo, en muchos países la discriminación social y jurídica dificultan su acceso tanto a la propiedad de la tierra como a su explotación, así como a los medios de producción, la formación profesional y los servicios financieros.

En las economías rurales, la mayoría de las mujeres trabaja en explotaciones agrícolas familiares y en el sector informal, donde asumen un gran volumen de trabajo por unos ingresos muy bajos y con una escasa productividad. Las mujeres suelen trabajar bajo condiciones precarias en sectores de bajos salarios, como la industria textil. Por lo que su potencial para contribuir a la seguridad alimentaria, la económica y al desarrollo está infrautilizado.

Varios análisis muestran que la discriminación estructural de las mujeres en el desarrollo económico se debe principalmente a dos factores:

1. Discriminación múltiple por razones de pertenencia religiosa, social o étnica.

2. Carga por el trabajo doméstico y de cuidados no remunerados, definido por normas sociales y roles de género inamovibles, por lo que, a menudo, es desempeñado por mujeres.

Estos factores limitan las posibilidades de las mujeres de completar una formación o incorporarse a un trabajo productivo y remunerado. También dificultan su acceso a los sistemas de seguridad social, casi siempre ligados a un empleo formal y a unos ingresos.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 37 – 48 de 50

Improvement of the local self-governance system Armenia

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

Switzerland continues to support the national reform on territorial consolidation and decentralization which has been strongly confirmed by the new Government. On one hand, necessary framework conditions will be developed to finalize the amalgamation process. On the other hand, the municipalities will be capacitated to provide efficient and quality administrative services to their citizens and to incentivize local development. Citizen participation will be emphasized to render local authorities more accountable and local development more inclusive.


Donor Committee for Enterprise Development (DCED)

01.06.2019 - 31.12.2023

DCED as the independent and respected point of reference for standards, knowledge and data on the role of the private sector in development, contributes to improving donor’s programs in this domain. It also advocates globally the importance of the topic in the development sector. SDC supports the DCED in its various activities since the early 80ies and co-chairs the working group on Market System Development and Private Sector Engagement


Reducing the Prevalence and Impact of Violence in Western Equatoria

01.11.2018 - 28.02.2021

Nonviolent Peaceforce’s (NP) intervention in Mundri County, Western Equatoria State is aimed at reducing the prevalence and impact of violence. Key activities will include conducting patrols in risky areas, protective accompaniments, advocacy, conducting trainings workshops, awareness raising activities etc. Through this intervention, Switzerland contributes to creating sustainable grassroots-led peaceful solutions to conflict, promotion of Human Rights, SGBV prevention and response among conflict affected communities.


CDNH: Conflict prevention Rakhine

01.11.2018 - 31.08.2021

After the events in Rakhine in August 2017, violence and communal tensions are still prevailing and mistrust has increased among and between communities, state and village officials and security authorities. The need to gather the stakeholders around conflict prevention, livelihood skills enhancement, conflict analysis and gender and civic education is repeatedly expressed by all. This project helps to improve the relationship between the main key actors in and around Rakhine to lower the potential of further tensions, abuses and install trust-building mechanisms.


Towards Transparent, Inclusive and Accountable Governance in the Republic of Macedonia

15.07.2018 - 31.03.2023

The project aims at increasing gender equality in Macedonia and the quality of life for women and vulnerable groups by 1) systematically integrating a gender perspective in public policies and budgets which leads to the allocation of more funds for greater gender equality in strategies and policies; 2) empowering women and vulnerable groups to advocate for their needs in municipal planning and budgeting; and 3) supporting CSOs and Members of Parliament in overseeing the implementation of gender responsive policies and initiatives.


Capacity building for Serbian municipalities

01.01.2018 - 30.09.2022

Switzerland is supporting the Serbian government’s public administration reform, which aims to make it more effective and accessible to both citizens and the private sector. SwissPRO project is being run in 99 municipalities (two-thirds of Serbia) to improve good governance, social inclusion and gender equality.

Región/País Tema Período Presupuesto
Serbia
Governance
Derechos humanos
Género

Descentralización
Derechos humanos (incluidos los derechos de las mujeres)
Organizaciones para la igualdad de la mujer

01.01.2018 - 30.09.2022


CHF  7’990’000



The Inclusive and Equitable Local Development Programme, 2017-2020

01.12.2017 - 30.12.2025

Switzerland is supporting the Global Programme on Inclusive and Equitable Local Development (IELD) to promote the economic empowerment of women through gender responsive policies and inclusive finance. Direct beneficiaries include women associations, women led enterprises, farmer associations and industry associations. This support also aims to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of a joint UN programme at global and country levels.


Strengthening cities for migration and development

15.10.2017 - 30.06.2022

Cities are the main destination for migrants worldwide. They play a crucial role in ensuring migrants’ social and economic inclusion and in leveraging migration as a source of innovation and prosperity. Switzerland aims at strengthening the evidence base on how to manage urban migration to maximize its development effects and at leveraging the voice and experience of cities in shaping effective migration policies. The project will involve Swiss cities and benefit from Swiss research expertise.


Programme de renforcement du « Système de qualification et d’accès des professionnels au travail » (SQUAT)

01.08.2017 - 30.04.2030

Le programme SQUAT vise à améliorer l’accès de 30'000 artisans, maitres et apprentis, aux compétences de qualité et requises par les marchés, grâce auxquelles ils augmentent leurs revenus. Pour y arriver, le programme envisage d’accompagner des structures artisanales et des centres de formation à développer un système de formation en alternance et de perfectionnement. Il prévoit de renforcer l’Etat à mettre en place des dispositifs inclusifs et pérennes de la formation professionnelle.


Système de Qualification et d'Accès au Travail (SQUAT), Haïti

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2023

Le programme SQUAT vise à améliorer l’accès au marché de travail et l’augmentation des revenus de 10,000 artisans, maitres et apprentis des filières de la construction dans la région du Grand Sud d’Haïti. Pour y arriver, le programme envisage de renforcer l’offre de formation des professionnels, d’accompagner les organisations de professionnels, de les mettre en réseau et de créer des passerelles entre les formations formelles et informelles. Avec un système d’apprentissage dual reconnu et apprécié par les acteurs du secteur en Haïti, la Suisse est dans une position privilégiée pour accompagner ce processus


UNFPA: My safety, our future: women and girl’s empowerment and protection from GBV in conflict-affected Yemen

15.07.2017 - 14.07.2019

The conflict in Yemen has increased the vulnerability of women and girls to abuse and exploitation. The coping mechanisms of individuals and communities have changed, the protection systems broken down and the available services have low quality. The project aims at scaling up UNFPA’s gender-based violence (GBV) responses and to empower the most vulnerable among the GBV survivors through multisector approach and specialised services. The project has a strong component to sensitize communities as well as the humanitarian community on GBV.


United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2022

The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) located in Geneva is an autonomous research institute within the UN system. It undertakes multidisciplinary research and policy analysis on the social dimensions of contemporary development challenges. Guided by its research strategy 2016-2020 entitled “Transformations to Equity and Sustainability”, UNRISD aims at contributing to the understanding of policymakers, United Nations experts, and the public at large about the social dimension of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Objeto 37 – 48 de 50