Reducción de la pobreza mediante la prevención de conflictos y desastres

Dos niños sobre un camión cargado de algodón
El cultivo del algodón es un sector importante y una de las cadenas de valor clave de la economía de Kirguistán. © COSUDE

Los conflictos, la violencia y las violaciones de los derechos humanos constituyen los mayores desafíos en la lucha contra la pobreza y contra la fragilidad en general. La fragilidad de un Estado se caracteriza por la incapacidad del gobierno para garantizar la seguridad de los ciudadanos y de proporcionar los servicios públicos básicos, así como por la ausencia de una relación constructiva entre el gobierno y la población.

Más de 40 países del mundo, en los que viven 1500 millones de personas, se encuentran en situación de fragilidad o están afectados por la violencia o por un conflicto. Para 2030, más del 80% de los pobres del mundo podrían vivir en contextos frágiles si no se toma ya ninguna medida más concertada.

La fragilidad es una importante amenaza para el logro de los objetivos de la Agenda 2030 para el desarrollo sostenible. Para luchar contra la fragilidad es preciso tener en cuenta todos sus matices y desarrollar formas de trabajar adaptadas a cada contexto, valorando los problemas existentes en su conjunto, incluidos los más delicados.

Compromiso en contextos frágiles

Suiza redobla sus esfuerzos con el fin de prevenir y gestionar las consecuencias de las crisis, los desastres y la fragilidad. Su objetivo es destinar la mitad de su ayuda bilateral a los contextos afectados por conflictos o en situación de fragilidad.

Trabajo de la COSUDE en contextos frágiles

Los diez principios de la OCDE constituyen la base de los compromisos de la COSUDE. Los objetivos incluyen la reducción de las causas de los conflictos, el incremento de la resistencia ante las crisis y la mejora de la situación de los derechos humanos.

Características de los contextos frágiles

Los países o regiones frágiles se caracterizan por instituciones débiles e inestables, la pobreza, la violencia, la corrupción y la arbitrariedad política.

Promover sociedades pacíficas, justas e inclusivas

Promover sociedades pacíficas, justas e inclusivas trabajando en el objetivo 16 de la Agenda 2030, 16+, con los pioneros para sociedades pacíficas.

Prevención de conflictos y de toda forma de violencia

El objetivo de la prevención de conflictos violentos es impedir el resurgimiento de conflictos anteriores y el brote de nuevos focos de violencia. No se trata simplemente de prevenir las crisis, sino también de abordar sus causas.


Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 306

Joint Peace Fund

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2027

After 60 years of conflict, the government and 8 Ethnic Armed Groups have signed a National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015, opening up a unique opportunity to find lasting peace. The Joint Peace Fund is a multi-donor fund set up to channel coordinated international support for such efforts, including the implementation of the NCA and following political dialogue of the peace process, a requirement for development especially in border areas.

Support to Dealing with the Past Roadmap implementation in Nepal

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2026

Switzerland contributes to peace and stability in Nepal by addressing the root causes of the conflict. A Dealing with Past Roadmap ensures that actors and institutions fulfill their responsibilities towards the four pillars of Transitional Justice- truth, justice, reparations and non-recurrence. The conflict victims will participate in the process and benefit from the delivery of needed services within the federal state structure.

Partnership Fund for a Resilient Ukraine

01.02.2022 - 31.03.2024

With a contribution to the Partnership Fund for a Resilient Ukraine (PFRU), Switzerland aims at strengthening communities and at enhancing government legitimacy in Eastern Ukraine through improved services, economic recovery and empowered civil society. The PFRU is an innovative multi-donor financing tool which focuses on supporting the implementation of reforms in the conflict-affected areas of the country through an integrated approach (humanitarian-development-peace nexus). The PFRU unites five development partners (UK, US, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland) and it is co-owned by the Government of Ukraine.

Contribution to the country office of UN Human Rights in Honduras (United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights)

01.01.2022 - 30.06.2024

UN Human Rights has established itself as the principal point of reference for critically positioning human rights in the public and political agenda of Honduras. It will continue to strive to provide protection of individuals and communities whose rights are at risk or denied, while also working to further develop institutions, laws and policies that effectively protect human rights. This will contribute to rule of law and providing the necessary framework for equitable and sustainable development.

Enhanced resilience of viticulture in Abkhazia

01.12.2021 - 30.11.2026

A vast area in Abkhazia was contaminated by the explosion of an ammunition warehouse in 2017. Clearance efforts supported by international experts are about to be completed, enabling the restoration of the land for agricultural purposes. Endemic grape varieties will be reintroduced fostering biodiversity and resistance to disease. Growers’ resilience to climatic and economic shocks will be enhanced by setting a sector association and training in advanced agricultural practices.

Enabling development through landmine clearance in the Sengwe Wildlife Corridor

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2023

Switzerland will contribute to achieve Zimbabwe’s 2025 landmine-free deadline by supporting a demining operation in the Sengwe Wildlife Corridor. The project implemented by APOPO seeks to return 84% of the remaining suspected contaminated area to local communities which will be used for agricultural development, ecotourism, and conservation, as well as to provide mine risk education so that food security is enhanced, general wellbeing is improved, and accidents are avoided.

Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2026

Jointly with the European Union, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes Region, a program run by Interpeace with local NGOs. This third phase will focus on young women and young men as key drivers for peace and stability in the region and expand its activities to Uganda to further tackle the regionality of conflicts in the region. This will contribute to a better promotion of peace, good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions, in the region. 

Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (SDG 16), Phase 3 (Contribution 21 – 23) Formerly: Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies

01.05.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland has a strategic interest in shaping the global dialogue on development and peace. The Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG16) on “Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies” provides a unique opportunity. This is why Switzerland is contributing to three initiatives advocating complementarily at the global and national levels, increasing poltical engagement and financial means to advance reforms and good governance, while leaving no one behind.   

Intelligence and Security Sector Reform

01.04.2021 - 31.03.2026

At the core of this project is to improve the accountability of the state and enhance the division of the executive, legislative and judiciary powers in line with the democratic governance priorities of the Swiss Cooperation Programme in North Macedonia. It focuses on supporting the intelligence and security sector actors to become more transparent and accountable towards parliament, the judiciary and citizens at large, through new and improved existing legal framework, enhanced policy-making and capacity building.

Proyecto terminado

UNDP – Core Contribution 2021

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2021

UNDP is the leading UN organisation working on poverty eradication, governance, rule of law and conflict prevention. It also provides coordination and back office services to the UN Resident Coordinator System. Switzerland supports UNDP because it is its most important partner in the UN Development System to work on poverty eradication, sustainable development, good governance and conflict prevention. 

Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (Sustainable Develoment Goal 16+)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

The promotion of peaceful, just and inclusive societies (SDG16) is integral to the success of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. In order to accelerate its implementation, a group of UN Member States are coming together to leveraging intersections within the Agenda (16+) and to accelerate national and international implementation, while building a movement of the willing around three grand challenges. Switzerland is a co-convener, a member and a donor to this initiative.

Skills for Local Economic Development SLED

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2030

Switzerland will explore opportunities for supporting local economic development through vocational skills development in predominantly rural areas in Southern Shan. A focus on market-oriented skills opportunities accessible to young women and men, especially from vulnerable groups will be identified that open life-long learning opportunities to improve livelihood options and support peace building and security in conflict-affected areas.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 306