Lutter contre la corruption pour éliminer un obstacle majeur au développement

Graphique: Deux mains s’apprêtent à se serrer, celle de droite tient un billet de banque plié.
La DDC lutte contre diverses formes de corruption, telles que le versement de pots-de-vin pour l’obtention de traitements médicaux © DDC

La corruption est une entrave au développement: elle entraîne la perte d'importantes ressources financières, érode la confiance de la population dans l'État et génère un sentiment d'impuissance et d'injustice, potentiellement source de conflits. Elle frappe de plein fouet les groupes de population pauvres et vulnérables qui n'ont pas les moyens de payer des pots-de-vin pour obtenir des prestations de service public. C’est pourquoi la DDC lutte résolument contre ce fléau. 

La lutte contre la corruption est une préoccupation centrale de la Suisse et un élément fondamental de la promotion de la bonne gouvernance. L'accent est mis sur une action gouvernementale transparente et responsable, mais aussi sur la sanction des infractions.

L'objectif est de s'assurer que l’utilisation des fonds publics soit efficace et efficiente pour le développement d'un pays et contribue à renforcer la confiance entre l'État et la population. Les institutions de l'État et les processus politiques ne doivent plus être victimes de la corruption. L’instauration de règles plus équitables peut contribuer à apaiser les tensions. 

Priorités  et approche

La DDC lutte contre les manifestations ordinaires de la corruption qui jalonnent la vie quotidienne de la population (p. ex. les pots-de-vin pour les soins médicaux), mais aussi contre la corruption à grande échelle qui porte sur des sommes d'argent importantes et implique de puissants représentants de la politique et des milieux économiques. Elle poursuit une double stratégie en soutenant la lutte contre la corruption par des programmes spécifiquement prévus à cet effet, et en intégrant cette problématique dans les activités menées dans d’autres domaines. La DDC s'attaque à ce phénomène sous toutes ses formes: de la corruption et des pots-de-vin aux ententes illicites sur les prix et à l'extorsion, en passant par la fraude, le détournement de fonds et le népotisme.

Tolérance zéro

Si la DDC est touchée par la corruption, les paiements sont généralement suspendus jusqu'à ce que la situation ait été clarifiée sur le plan légal. En outre, l’on s'efforcera toujours de récupérer les fonds détournés.

À qui s’adresser en cas de soupçons de corruption?

Le Compliance Office du DFAE est chargé de recevoir les signalements internes et externes sur les cas de corruption et d'abus commis dans le cadre des activités financées par la DDC.

Compliance Office du DFAE:  signaler les cas de corruption, de détournement de fonds et d’abus 

Les cas suspects peuvent également être signalés au Contrôle fédéral des finances (CDF) sur la plateforme du Bureau de signalement des cas suspects.

Plateforme de lanceurs d’alerte, Contrôle fédéral des finances CDF

Projets actuels

Objet 1 – 12 de 35

Strengthening democratic local governance

01.01.2023 - 30.12.2026

The project aims at supporting the democratic transition and the peace efforts in Myanmar. Using a decentralized budget support approach to all townships of one state in the Southeast of the country, it will strengthen township’s participatory planning and budgeting capacity. The project will also deepen the community’s capacity to demand public services. Additionally it will support national level policy discussions based on this experience.


PACTA - Participatory Action Against Corruption: Towards Transparency and Accountability

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2026

In Bangladesh, Switzerland was instrumental in engaging likeminded development partners to support prominent local actors to curb corruption and establish transparent and accountable governance systems. This project, co-funded by Switzerland with the UK and Sweden, will continue the work on reducing corruption by engaging citizens, adding the use of an innovative digital tool for community monitoring. Based on the evidence collected on corruption incidences, the project will reinforce policy advocacy and engagement at different levels. 


Contribution to the Multi-Donor Trust Fund of the Africa Disaster Risk Financing Programme ADRiFi

01.12.2021 - 30.11.2025

Through a contribution to the ADRiFi programme of the African Development Bank, Switzerland intends to facilitate access to subsidies for the payment of natural disaster insurances for at least an additional 15   African countries. Payouts (up to 5 mio USD per event) from the insurance, managed by the African Risk Capacity Group, will allow governments respond timely and effectively to the needs of their population in case of disaster on the basis of the prepared effective contingency plans. 


Inclusive Urbanisation

08.11.2021 - 30.06.2024

The program contributes to inclusive urbanization in Central America in partnership with UN-Habitat with the aim to improve the living conditions of vulnerable populations in urban settlements. Solid data and evidence on informal settlements and specialised advisory will contribute to improve urban policies. Capacity building, participatory planning approaches and increased involvement of the private sector will foster comprehensive and feasible solutions for informal settlements. 


Locally-led Governance: the road to legitimate and effective delivery of services

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Somali population is facing considerable development and state building challenges, with Government institutions still very weak and fragile, particularly at the local level. With the UN Joint Programme for Local Governance and Decentralised Service Delivery (JPLG) as well as local peacebuilding initiatives, SDC contributes to enhanced state legitimacy, more equitable access to public service and well-being for all citizens, leading to more stability in the Horn of Africa.


Sustainable and Inclusive Balanced Regional Development

01.10.2021 - 30.09.2025

The level of development among the 8 regions in North Macedonia is highly unequal. This misbalance directly affects the wellbeing of citizens living in less developed areas. SDC supports North Macedonia by working on the country system, to improve the national legal framework for planning, monitoring and evaluation of balanced regional development (BRD) ensuring greater allocation of funds for BRD, hence improving the living conditions for all citizens, especially in the underdeveloped regions.


SRBM - Strengthening Representative Bodies in Mongolia

Workshop on Parliament Monitoring

01.08.2021 - 31.12.2023

On request of the authorities, the project ensures the implementation and oversight over new local governance laws to ensure public service delivery and sustainable rangeland management. Based on SDC supported achievements on democratic governance in Mongolia, increased technical cooperation between the Swiss and the Mongolian Parliamentary Services is at the core of the project. Gender equality and pro-poor approaches are mainstreamed.


Long-term support to UNRWA’s reform

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland contributes to enable UNRWA to pursue key reform areas of its Medium-Term Strategy 2016-2022, mainly by supporting (i) management initiatives and set of actions to ensure that governance, accountability, management and transparency meet international standards, and (ii) the systematic integration and attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, in particular children, persons with disabilities and women survivors of violence.


PRODEL - Program for strengthening municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2021 - 30.06.2024

PRODEL III contributes to the decentralization reform through introducing its municipal autonomy approach into new laws and policies, through training of “multipliers” and creation of advisory services to extend its tool of Municipal Development Strategy to more municipalities. The EDM strengthens municipal autonomy and efficient use of local resources for production infrastructure and services, while promoting participation and inclusion.


Promoting good financial governance in Tanzania

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01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

The Good Financial Governance (GFG) project supports the public finance system by strengthening the provision of and demand for accountability as well as enhancing domestic revenue mobilisation to increase local development. GFG builds capacity at national and sub-national level, including of civil society and the private sector. The project enhances Swiss support to state institutions that are more efficient and effective, inclusive and increasingly free of corruption. 


PACUM – Programme d’Appui aux Communes Urbaines du Mali

01.08.2020 - 31.12.2023

Au Mali, la faiblesse des ressources financières et humaines des communes limite leurs capacités à fournir des services de qualité aux populations. La Suisse cofinance une 2ème phase du Programme visant l’amélioration de l’accès aux services de base par le biais de l’augmentation des transferts de ressources de l’Etat  central vers les communes. Le programme contribue au développement économique local, à une urbanisation durable, à une fiscalité locale améliorée et, par conséquent, à plus de stabilité.


Core contribution to Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) global partnership

01.05.2020 - 31.12.2022

This core contribution to the global partnership Sanitation and Water for All hosted by UNICEF aims at strengthening the capacities of populations to enjoy their rights to water and sanitation. SWA supports countries that are off track in progressing towards the Sustainable Development Goal on water, including through a mutual accountability mechanism. The opening of an operational office of SWA in Geneva will enrich this growing community of global water actors, allowing SWA to work more closely also with key human rights and public health actors. 

Objet 1 – 12 de 35