Asia centrale (Kirghizistan, Tagikistan, Uzbekistan)

Negli Stati dell’Asia centrale (Kirghizistan, Tagikistan e Uzbekistan) la Svizzera è attiva nei settori dell’acqua, del buongoverno e dello sviluppo economico sostenibile, promuove misure per mitigare le conseguenze del cambiamento climatico e sostiene la cooperazione regionale.

Cartina della regione Asia centrale (Kirghizistan, Tagikistan, Uzbekistan)
© DFAE

L’Asia centrale è composta da Kazakstan, Kirghizistan, Tagikistan, Turkmenistan e Uzbekistan, cinque Paesi che sono diventati indipendenti nel 1991 con la dissoluzione dell’Unione Sovietica e che, pur essendosi sviluppati in maniera diversa, devono affrontare sfide simili, come un limitato accesso ai processi decisionali pubblici e difficoltà nel promuovere un’economia diversificata. Il cambiamento climatico influirà in modo determinante sulla disponibilità di acqua nella regione. In Asia centrale la Svizzera si impegna per la pace, la prosperità e la coesione sociale e sostiene progetti tesi ad attenuare le conseguenze del cambiamento climatico. In questo si orienta agli Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (OSS) dell’Agenda 2030 delle Nazioni Unite.

Acqua, infrastrutture idriche e cambiamento climatico

Utilizzo sostenibile della preziosa risorsa

La Svizzera sostiene gli Stati dell’Asia centrale nell’adottare congiuntamente misure basate su dati scientifici per promuovere un impiego delle scarse risorse idriche che sia resiliente al cambiamento climatico, sostenibile e inclusivo. La popolazione deve essere protetta dalle catastrofi naturali, avere accesso ad acqua potabile e poter fruire di sistemi di eliminazione delle acque di scarico. La Svizzera promuove dunque una pianificazione e un utilizzo sostenibili dei bacini fluviali nonché l’introduzione del principio della gestione integrata delle risorse idriche (IWRM) nelle legislazioni nazionali. Promuove inoltre la cooperazione transfrontaliera nel settore idrico e la diplomazia dell’acqua. 

L’acqua: una risorsa vitale minacciata

Buongoverno, diritti umani e servizi pubblici

Buongoverno inclusivo e responsabile

Il contesto nazionale e politico dei singoli Stati dell’Asia centrale presenta notevoli differenze ed è per questo che il portafoglio svizzero in materia di governance è altrettanto diversificato. Nei tre Paesi nei quali è attiva, la Svizzera opera per far sì che la popolazione partecipi ai processi decisionali pubblici che la riguardano, conosca i propri diritti e possa esprimere la propria opinione. Sostiene inoltre le autorità locali affinché il loro operato sia più efficace e trasparente, e difende le minoranze etniche e altri gruppi particolarmente vulnerabili della popolazione.

Advocacy e buongoverno

Sviluppo economico sostenibile

Imprese verdi e opportunità per tutti

L’economia dell’Asia centrale è stata gravemente colpita dalla pandemia di COVID-19. La Svizzera sostiene la ripresa e la ricostruzione di un’economia resiliente e inclusiva in questi Paesi. A tal fine, promuove riforme che favoriscano migliori condizioni economiche, aiuta le PMI a creare posti di lavoro e si impegna per plasmare un settore finanziario responsabile, inclusivo e trasparente, oltre a sostenere la formazione di lavoratrici e lavoratori in settori rilevanti per il mercato.

Sviluppo del settore privato e servizi finanziari

Istruzione di base e formazione professionale

Approccio e partner

La Svizzera appoggia le riforme in corso in Asia centrale dall’inizio degli anni 1990 e coordina strettamente le proprie attività con i partner coinvolti.

La strategia di cooperazione 2022–2025 viene attuata dalla Direzione dello sviluppo e della cooperazione (DSC) e dalla Segreteria di Stato dell’economia (SECO). 

Partner importanti della Svizzera in Asia centrale:

  • organizzazioni non governative locali e internazionali
  • organizzazioni multilaterali, come il PNUS, le banche di sviluppo (BERS, AsDB) e le istituzioni di Bretton Woods
  • organizzazioni della società civile
  • partner nazionali del settore pubblico e dell’economia privata

Links

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 25

Effective management and prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases

01.07.2022 - 30.06.2026

Kyrgyzstan faces an increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases and there are significant gaps in the health system to manage them. The Primary Health Care system should deliver equitable care and prevent hospitalizations with non-communicable diseases’ complications. The project contributes to Improve health and quality of life of the rural population through replicating the model of primary health care strengthening and promoting healthy behaviour among people in southern regions and two big cities.


«Bai Alai» Small Business and Income Creation in Alai and Chon-Alai

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2024

Alai and Chon Alai are two of the poorest regions in Kyrgyzstan. The project aims at increasing economic inclusion of producing households through increased income and employment, with the focus on women and youth. During this exit phase (III) the project capitalizes and disseminates good practices in apiculture and cattle, and continues activities handicraft and tourism value chains, until phasing out in May 2024.


Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Management

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2026

The project will allow people to use safe and affordable drinking water as well as equitable sanitation and hygiene thereby progressing towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 in Tajikistan. An integrated planning approach supports the building of the local and national capacities and strengthen the policy frameworks to enable sustainable Water Sanitation and Hygiene WASH services to the population of Eastern Khatlon and Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO).


Medical Education Reform

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024

The project is improving the quality of health services through well-trained health professionals. The exit phase will strengthen professional associations, modernize nursing education and establish an independent competency assessment centre. The Ministry of Health and Social Development delegated the competency development and assessment role to the Professional Associations, which are the key partners to implement the project’s interventions.


Access to Justice project in Tajikistan

01.07.2021 - 31.07.2025

This exit phase of the Access to Justice (A2J) in Tajikistan will solidify the free public legal aid system to vulnerable individuals with respect to their legal claims (e.g. child allowances, spouse support etc.). It will also entirely transmit the aid system to the state budget and to the institutional management by the Ministry of Justice of Tajikistan in order to achieve full financial sustainability of access to Justice for the most vulnerable ones.


Cryospheric Observation and Modelling for improved Adaptation in Central Asia (CROMO-ADAPT)

01.04.2021 - 31.12.2025

Climate change in Central Asia mountain regions will have significant impacts on water availability and occurrence of natural hazards. This project strengthens the glacier, snow and permafrost monitoring systems and capacities in Central Asia, develops user-oriented climate information services, and supports the planning of adaptation measures to increase resilience to climate change. The project builds on Swiss expertise in monitoring and adaptation in alpine water and disaster risk management.


Sustainable Economic Development: ph. 02

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2023

In the southern provinces of Kyrgyzstan, many households are still excluded from economic activities and depend on remittances. The current Covid-19 pandemic further weakens these families. The project will improve the quality of agricultural products and develop new market opportunities to increase the resilience of target groups. Best practices from phase 1 will be scaled up to other regions.


Facilitating Safe and Skilled Migration on the Central Asia - Russian Federation/Kazakhstan Corridor

01.12.2020 - 31.05.2026

Labor migration to Russia and Kazakhstan constitute a lifeline for millions of families in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, but its poor regulation negatively affects its development benefits. The program aims at enhancing labor mobility governance along the Central Asia-Russia/Kazakhstan migration corridor. By facilitating pre-departure orientation and skills-matching interventions for prospective migrants, it will foster migrant workers’ protection and enhancethe livelihood perspectives for the poorest in Central Asia. The program builds on Swiss migration expertise and contributes to the strategic link between international cooperation and migration policy.


Health Facilities Autonomy

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2024

Strong management and leadership’s capacity of decision-makers and health managers is central for a successful health reform. The project strengthens the health management system by modernizing continuous skills development and by updating regulations towards a transparent and competency based appointment as well as performance assessment of health managers.

 

 


Mitigating the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on migrants and their families from Central Asia .

01.08.2020 - 31.05.2021

Migrants from CA and their families are severely impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Hundreds of thousands stranded in the RF without income or social protection. Their families are affected too, as they depend on remittances, which do not flow anymore due to the crisis. Contributing to the IOM response plan, Switzerland ensures that migration data gaps are addressed, that the most vulnerable migrants receive assistance, and that migrants’ families get increased access to digital remittances. 


Support to Vocational Education and Training (VET) Reforms in Uzbekistan

01.08.2020 - 31.12.2025

The main goal of the Support to Vocational Education and Training Reforms Project (SVRP) is to contribute to more gainful employment of VET graduates through improved access to the labour market. This will be achieved through a systemic approach supporting capacity development and better coordination among key government institutions and VET providers, by contributing to the development of better quality inputs, teacher training and by facilitating stronger participation of economic actors in the VET system.


Civil Registry System Reform Project in Tajikistan (CRR)

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2023

SDC assists the Ministry of Justice in its efforts to replace the paper-based civil registry system with a more efficient electronic civil registry system. This new system and the planned outreach activities will help people across the country in obtaining their vital documents faster and in better quality from the civil registry offices; this will help them to protect and claim their rights in relation to schooling, alimonies,  migration, healthcare and even voting. Moreover, the new civil registry system will also help the government to better plan and monitor its services provided to the population including in the education, health and labor sector.

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 25