Adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici: gestire le conseguenze in modo proattivo

Una donna inginocchiata mentre raccoglie i frutti di una pianta.
La DSC aiuta le persone ad adattarsi alle conseguenze dei cambiamenti climatici. © Neil Palmer (Flickr/CIAT)

Le popolazioni dei Paesi in via di sviluppo risentono maggiormente delle conseguenze del cambiamento climatico. La DSC aiuta pertanto i gruppi più esposti e vulnerabili nei Paesi partner a migliorare le proprie basi esistenziali, affinché siano in grado di gestire proattivamente gli effetti a lungo termine del cambiamento climatico e gli eventi estremi.

Obiettivi princpiali della DSC

La DSC promuove uno sviluppo che tenga conto degli effetti attuali e futuri del cambiamento climatico. L’obiettivo principale delle misure di adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici consiste nell’attenuare le conseguenze negative di questi mutamenti per gli esseri umani e nell’aiutare le persone direttamente interessate ad adattarsi. Un utilizzo sostenibile del suolo, delle risorse idriche e del patrimonio forestale è in quest’ottica indispensabile, poiché solo così si possono arginare gli effetti spesso profondi dei cambiamenti di lungo periodo, lenti ma progressivi, e degli eventi climatici estremi sempre più frequenti come i periodi di siccità e le inondazioni. La DSC sostiene i Paesi partner in tre aree di intervento.

  1. Promozione di strategie e misure concrete di adattamento

    Esempio: attraverso il programma di adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici in Perù (Programa de Adaptación al Cambio Climático, PACC) e il programma di adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici nell’Himalaya indiano (Indian Himalayan Climate Adaptation Programme, IIHCAP), la DSC contribuisce al miglioramento delle basi esistenziali delle comunità montane. La Svizzera e altri Paesi mettono a disposizione le proprie conoscenze per aiutare la popolazione interessata e le istituzioni pubbliche e private a elaborare misure di adattamento nei settori idrico, della sicurezza alimentare e della riduzione dei rischi di catastrofe naturale.
     

  2. Dati per l’elaborazione di strategie in ambito climatico

    Esempio: il progetto «Capacity Building and Twinning for Climate Observing Systems» (CATCOS) offre sostegno a Paesi in via di sviluppo in America del Sud, Africa e Asia nel rilevamento di dati climatici fondamentali per l’elaborazione di strategie e misure di protezione del clima.
     

  3. Processi di pianificazione nazionali per l’adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici
    Esempio: la DSC promuove, in Paesi partner interessati tra cui la Cina, l’elaborazione di strategie nazionali in materia di adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici (National Adaptation Planning Processes, NAP) per consentire loro di sviluppare soluzioni integrate e coordinate. 

Contesto

Il mutamento climatico ha un impatto a livello mondiale, ma i suoi effetti a livello locale variano notevolmente in ragione delle diverse condizioni sociali ed economiche. I gruppi socialmente ed economicamente svantaggiati ne sono particolarmente toccati. I cambiamenti climatici acuiscono la povertà, la fame e i conflitti soprattutto nei Paesi dell’emisfero meridionale. La DSC si adopera dunque per uno sviluppo climaticamente sostenibile nel lungo periodo. 

Le regioni costiere sono particolarmente colpite dall’innalzamento del livello di mari e oceani, le popolazioni che vivono in regioni secche o desertiche soffrono sempre più della penuria di acqua e nelle regioni di montagna si moltiplicano gli eventi di piena e colate detritiche. Si deve dunque prestare particolare attenzione alla salvaguardia delle basi esistenziali degli abitanti di queste zone.

Vulnerabilità e capacità di adattamento

La pianificazione e l’attuazione di misure di protezione del clima richiedono necessariamente competenze tecniche, risorse finanziarie e l’impegno dei responsabili delle decisioni politiche, fattori molto spesso carenti nei Paesi in via di sviluppo. Con misure mirate si possono tuttavia attenuare i rischi climatici per la popolazione conservandone, o addirittura migliorandone, le basi esistenziali. In Perù e in India, per esempio, grazie alle previsioni meteorologiche stagionali i piccoli agricoltori hanno potuto ottimizzare il momento della semina e del raccolto e di conseguenza aumentare la produttività.

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Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 13 – 24 di 96

Contribution to the VII Regional Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas and the Caribbean

01.02.2020 - 31.03.2022

Financially support the Regional Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Jamaica 2020 (RPDRR 20) co-convened by CDEMA and UNDRR with a non-earmarked contribution to the overall costs and thereby assist implementation of the Sendai Framework in the Americas. Accompany this contribution by providing assistance in the preparations relying on the experience from previous platforms and the GPDRR 19 and support the participation of key stakeholders in the Americas that exhibit their activities in collaboration with SDC.


Mercy Corps - Building Resilience in Conflict-Affected Communities (BRAC)

01.02.2020 - 31.01.2022

South Kordofan is one of the areas in Sudan were the armed conflict is temporarily halted, but not yet solved, and many communities are still suffering from its consequences. These communities are hosting significant numbers of IDPs and refugees from war torn South Sudan, who share the very limited available resources. The project aims at increasing the resilience of female and male members of vulnerable households to economic, social and climate related shocks through improved access to gender responsive basic services and increased agricultural production.


Chinese Zero Emission Buildings with Swiss Know-How (ZEB China)

01.01.2020 - 28.02.2025

By upgrading building emission standards, supporting demonstration buildings and enhancing capacities of professionals with Switzerland’s leading know-how on sustainable construction, the project will support low-carbon development of China’s building sector, which is the biggest in the world. It will also benefit the public health by improving the thermal comfort of buildings and reducing air pollution resulting from heating and cooling. 


Solar Irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.01.2020 - 31.07.2027

To adapt to climate change farmers rely increasingly on irrigation, ultimately depleting groundwater resources and raising energy demand. The project aims to address these challenges by promoting solar irrigation, water efficient agriculture and groundwater governance. The project will harness Swiss expertise on hydrogeology and technical innovations to contribute to climate resilient agriculture and facilitate knowledge sharing in South Asia and at the global level.


African Risk Capacity (ARC)

10.12.2019 - 31.12.2022

The African Risk Capacity is a disaster risk management pool and early response mechanism established by the African Union member states against natural disasters like drought, flood, and tropical cyclones, and the outbreak of highly contagious diseases. Its drought insurance and the new insurance products for flood and tropical cyclones enhance the safety nets of smallholder households and thus contributes to food security in Africa.


Clean Air Project in India (CAP India)

01.11.2019 - 30.06.2027

India is one of the most severely affected countries by air pollution in the world. This project will contribute to India’s new National Clean Air Programme, with the aim to improve air quality with co-benefits on public health, environment and climate change. Capacity building and technical assistance through Swiss expertise will support data measurement and analysis, city level clean air action plans and awareness raising campaigns to take precautionary measures and mitigate air pollution.


Grassroots women building resilience and peace in Central America.

01.10.2019 - 31.12.2022

The project enables two thousand grassroots women and their families to implement effective climate adaptation practices and strengthen their voice and leadership to influence related public plans and policies. The exchange of good local practices will be fostered among women in the region, thus increasing their resilience to climate change and variability.


Andean Forest and Climate Change Programme (ANFOR) – Phase II

01.09.2019 - 15.11.2021

The second and last phase of the Andean Forest and Climate Change Programme (ANFOR) will consolidate, share and scale-up validated best practices on how to safeguard mountain forest ecosystems to further shape national forest policies aiming at enhanced resilience of Andean mountain forest ecosystems and increased human wellbeing. The Programme will inform the concerned regional and global dialogue and contribute to an effective implementation of national policies related to environmental integrity.


Landscape Fire Management in the Western Balkans

01.09.2019 - 28.02.2025

Due to a changing climate and unsustainable land use practices, landscape fires have been on the rise in the Western Balkans, while fire management remains generally weak and not adapted for mounting challenges. This initiative will improve capacities in landscape fire management through regional cooperation and strengthen policy and action at national level by articulating the region with multilateral efforts and Swiss know-how and expertise. Local communities, most concerned by landscape fires, will be an integral part of the initiative’s approach to facilitate the establishment of long-term strategies for resilient landscapes.


IGGE : Inclusive Green Growth in Egypt

01.09.2019 - 31.12.2023

The main barriers to the competitiveness of the total 2.5 million micro-small-medium enterprises in Egypt are a lack of affordable funding and a mismatch between the needs of the market and the skills available. With its proven expertise in micro-small-medium enterprises Switzerland supports economic growth and more efficient use of resources in Upper Egypt through the model of green economy such as utilizing agricultural waste to create jobs and strengthen livelihoods of communities.


Capacity Building for Low Carbon and Climate Resilient City Development in India (CapaCITIES)

16.07.2019 - 15.07.2023

India is rapidly urbanizing. The growing Indian cities are affected by climate change but are also important emitters of greenhouse gases. Phase 2 of CapaCITIES aims at enabling climate responsive urban planning in eight cities and two states. Swiss expertise in waste management, transport, water and climate finance will support development of solutions for low-carbon and climate resilient cities. The results of the project in India will be shared through global reporting mechanisms and city coalitions.


Climate Ledger Initiative (CLI)

01.06.2019 - 31.05.2022

The Climate Ledger Initiative (CLI) addresses one of the world’s most pressing problems, climate change, with one of the potentially most promising technological innovations – blockchain. Through its platform function CLI brings together a variety of stakeholders from private and public sector to test pilot applications of the still new distributed ledger technology for effective climate action and development achievements. With its contribution to CLI SDC fosters innovation, development gains through applied technology development in developing countries and contributes to the global norm setting in this rapidly evolving field. 

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