Riduzione della povertà attraverso la prevenzione di conflitti e disastri

Due Bambini su un carro di cotone
La coltura del cotone è un settore importante e una delle catene di valore aggiunto essenziali per l’economia del Kirghizistan. © DSC

I conflitti, la violenza e le violazioni dei diritti umani sono tra le principali sfide in materia di lotta contro la povertà e la fragilità in senso lato. Le fragilità di uno Stato sono caratterizzate dall’incapacità del governo di garantire la sicurezza dei cittadini e di assicurare i servizi pubblici di base, oltre che dall’assenza di una relazione costruttiva tra governo e popolazione.

Più di 40 Paesi in tutto il mondo, per un totale di circa 1,5 miliardi di abitanti, presentano situazioni di fragilità o sono dilaniati da violenze e conflitti. Entro il 2030, oltre l’80% dei poveri del pianeta potrebbe trovarsi a vivere in contesti fragili se non si intraprendono sin da ora azioni più concertate.

La fragilità rappresenta un grave ostacolo alla realizzazione dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. Per lottare contro la fragilità è importante comprenderne tutte le sfaccettature ed elaborare approcci differenziati secondo i contesti tenendo conto dell’intero spettro delle problematiche, comprese quelle più delicate e sensibili.

Agire nei contesti fragili

La Svizzera intensifica il proprio impegno allo scopo di prevenire e gestire le conseguenze di crisi, catastrofi e fragilità. Il suo obiettivo è assegnare la metà dei propri aiuti bilaterali ai contesti caratterizzati da conflitti o fragilità.

Le attività della DSC nei contesti fragili

Le attività della Svizzera si iscrivono nell’ambito della promozione di società pacifiche, eque e inclusive. Il nostro Paese si impegna direttamente a favore del principio del «non lasciare indietro nessuno» (leave no one behind).

Caratteristiche dei contesti fragili

Gli Stati e le regioni fragili sono caratterizzati da istituzioni deboli, elevati livelli di povertà, violenza, corruzione e arbitrio. Le fragilità sono riscontrabili sia nel contesto dello sviluppo e della transizione sia in quello delle crisi umanitarie.

Promuovere società pacifiche e inclusive

Focus su SDG 16+ per promuovere società pacifiche, eque e inclusive per uno sviluppo sostenibile e per combattere i conflitti.

Prevenzione dei conflitti e di tutte le forme di violenza

La prevenzione dei conflitti violenti ha lo scopo di evitare eventuali nuovi conflitti e di impedire l’insorgere di nuovi focolai di violenza. Consiste non solo nell’impedire le crisi, ma anche nell’affrontarne le cause.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Climate & Socially Resilient Livelihoods’ Support (CSRLS)

01.02.2024 - 30.04.2028

The climatic challenges exacerbate Afghanistan's already fragile socio-economic condition. The project by the Afghan NGO, The Liaison Office, aims to sustainably improve lives and livelihoods of the poorest households in selected provinces by strengthening the natural resource base, climate change resilient and diversified livelihoods, relationships within and between communities, as well as joint climate action.


Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme 2.0. (CAACP 2.0.)

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

The objective of the Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme (CAACP) is to foster the further development of a vibrant and open art and culture scene that contributes to preserving freedom of expression and enhancing social cohesion in the region. The CAACP offers cultural institutions and artists opportunities to create a platform that enables people, including left-behind groups, to address issues affecting their lives and contribute to positive social change.


Myanmar - Strengthened self-reliance of displacement-affected communities in Shan, Rakhine and Kayah States (SSDC)

15.06.2023 - 14.06.2026

Myanmar’s prolonged civil war intensified by the military coup has displaced more than 1.8 million civilians and caused immense suffering. Local actors have been faster, more effective and generally better placed to respond to humanitarian and basic needs of displacement-affected communities. Switzerland will strengthen localization of aid by partnering with Meikswe, a multi-sectoral local NGO operating in the nexus, to increase protection and self-reliance of affected communities.


Myanmar - Joint Peace Fund (JPF)

01.06.2023 - 30.05.2027

The conflict in Myanmar is the world's longest ongoing civil war, having lasted more than seven decades. As there is no development without peace, Switzerland supports the Joint Peace Fund (JPF), a multi-donor fund, for joint action on the peace process launched in 2016. Following the military coup where levels of conflict have risen exponentially, the fund focuses on conflict transformation rather than peace and prepare stakeholders to engage in dialogue and negotiations.


Tchad - PADS, Appui aux districts sanitaires

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

Au Tchad, la faiblesse de la gouvernance du système de santé est une des causes de la situation sanitaire caractérisée par des indicateurs les plus faibles de l’Afrique subsaharienne. L’appui de la Suisse va contribuer à améliorer la qualité des prestations et l’offre des soins de santé dans les districts sanitaires des provinces du Batha et du Moyen Chari ainsi qu’au déploiement de la couverture santé universelle dans certaines provinces.


Réinsertion des détenu.e.s en Algérie

01.04.2023 - 31.12.2026

Le projet « Réinsertion des détenu.e.s en Algérie » contribue à la promotion de la réinsertion des détenu.e.s les plus vulnérables dans le tissu social algérien, dans un but déclaré de renforcer la cohésion sociale, une priorité pour le gouvernement. Le projet propose un accompagnement à la Direction Générale de l’Administration Pénitentiaire et de la Réinsertion (DGAPR) pour la modernisation et l’optimisation de la prise en charge et de la formation des détenu.e.s, dans le but de faciliter leur réinsertion sociale.


PAIE - Programme d’appui aux initiatives dans le secteur de l’élevage et à la cohésion sociale

01.02.2023 - 31.01.2026

La compétition autour de l’exploitation des ressources naturelles cause des tensions intercommunautaires, à risque d’être instrumentalisées par l’extrémisme violent. Le gouvernement du Bénin a initié des réformes pour améliorer la productivité liée à l’élevage et mieux gérer l’espace pastoral. Cette contribution au programme de promotion de l’élevage du GoB vise à renforcer la cohésion sociale par le renforcement des mécanismes de concertation, et à piloter un modèle de gestion spatiale pour une meilleure productivité et une mobilité pastorale réduite. 


Financial support to the Programme of Work and Budget of the OECD Development Assistance Committee 2023-2024

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2024

Switzerland’s support to the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) aims at maximizing the impact and effectiveness of international development cooperation towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in developing countries, ensuring that no one is left behind. Through knowledge sharing, joint learning and standards setting, the DAC contributes to enhance the coordination and coherence of international cooperation.


Program Contribution for Fondation Terre des hommes 2023-2024

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2024

The program of the Terre des hommes Foundation (TdhF) aims to sustainably reduce child mortality and morbidity and to secure access to health, sanitation and clean water for mothers and children (0-18 years) in severe poverty. Children in contexts of migration, conflict and disasters, and child victims of violence are better protected. International standards in child-friendly justice are promoted. Humanitarian interventions in fragile contexts, combined with poverty reduction and sustainable development are promoted through innovative work with children and youths.


Empowering vulnerable youth and women in fragile situation to foster community Resilience and cohesion through peaceful co-existence and promotion of livelihoods initiatives

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2025

The goal of the project is to foster conditions for peace and promote community resilience in the Equatorias region of South Sudan through a combination of activities aiming at (1) building and supporting a workforce of peacemakers, (2) providing trainings in conflict resolution, (3) fostering social cohesion and conflict prevention through locally held community dialogues, (4) promoting entrepreneurship and sustainable livelihoods, notably by supporting women- and youth-led small income generating businesses, and (5) promoting sports as a platform for fostering peace and social cohesion among the youth. This intervention is coherent with the humanitarian, peace and development nexus (triple nexus) and contributes to durable solutions for IDPs and returnees. 


Mine Clearance

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2025

Switzerland’s contribution to HALO Trust allows to clear 5.4 km2 of heavily mined land in the northwest provinces of Cambodia, benefitting 9,800 poor households by providing safe access to land and water sources. In its last phase, it supports the Cambodian government in achieving its goal to becoming a mine-free country by 2025. SDC coordinates with the Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority to monitor community land use and ownership after mine clearance.


Programme Contribution to the Independent Commission for Human Rights (ICHR)

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2027

ICHR, is dedicated to the protection and promotion of human rights in Palestinian controlled territories. It focuses on strengthening the legislative, institutional and legal environment and on monitoring, investigating and handling complaints on human rights put forward by Palestinian citizens. It further aims at promoting accountability measures and consolidating human rights culture. Switzerland’s support to ICHR contributes to the democratic state building agenda, to peace building and dialogue towards intra-Palestinian reconciliation, promotion of rule of law and sustainable development, therefore contributing to stability in the region. 

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