La Svizzera ha notevolmente incrementato il proprio sostegno alle regioni fragili e colpite da conflitti. Il messaggio concernente la cooperazione internazionale 2017-2020, approvato dal Parlamento, ha aumentato del 50% l’aiuto bilaterale accordato a questi Paesi.

Tali fondi sono stanziati per lottare contro le cause dei conflitti, per rafforzare la società civile, per incentivare il rispetto dei diritti umani e per promuovere una governance responsabile a livello nazionale e locale.

La DSC è attiva in numerosi Paesi e regioni interessati da conflitti, latenti o attivi, e colpiti in modo significativo da una o più dimensioni della fragilità, in particolare in Afghanistan, in Nord Africa, in Burundi, nel Corno d’Africa, ad Haiti, nel Mali, in Myanmar e in Nepal.

Nuovi percorsi per la cooperazione allo sviluppo

Nel 2015 gli Stati membri dell’ONU hanno adottato l’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. L’Obiettivo di sviluppo sostenibile n. 16 (OSS 16) stabilisce un legame diretto tra sviluppo sostenibile e società pacifiche e inclusive e istituzioni forti. Questo obiettivo definisce la pace come un soggetto legittimo dello sviluppo e concretizza così l’impegno preso a Busan nel 2011 a favore di un «new deal» per l’impegno negli Stati fragili.

Le considerazioni umanitarie, l’obiettivo di uno sviluppo sostenibile e il miglioramento della sicurezza mondiale sono altrettante ragioni che depongono a favore di un impegno particolare nei contesti fragili, nonostante i maggiori rischi che esso presenta. Questo impegno si colloca al crocevia delle grandi agende internazionali per il mantenimento della pace, per l’umanità o per i diritti umani. Tale impegno riconosce infine la necessità di adattare ogni intervento al proprio contesto, tenendo conto di tutta la sua complessità.

Lottare contro le fragilità consente di raggiungere le persone più a rischio di essere trascurare

Le comunità più a rischio sono quelle colpite da conflitti armati cronici e da altre forme di violenza, dal mancato accesso alla giustizia, da una corruzione dilagante, dal mancato rispetto dei diritti umani o da istituzioni non inclusive e che non si assumono le proprie responsabilità.

I Paesi caratterizzati da una situazione di fragilità sono quelli che hanno ottenuto i risultati meno soddisfacenti nel quadro degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo del Millennio (OSM) prima del 2015 e rischiano anche di essere trascurati nell’ambito della realizzazione degli Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (OSS) entro il 2030. Per tale ragione, lottare contro le varie forme di fragilità contribuisce direttamente a raggiungere le popolazioni trascurate e in particolare quelle più vulnerabili.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Single-phase project: Enhancing Peace and Economic Prosperity through Women's Leadership and Inclusion (Women for Peace & Prosperity)

01.07.2024 - 30.06.2028

In line with the priorities of the Governments of Moldova and Switzerland, the project aims to socially and economically empower women, including refugee women from Ukraine, increase their participation in decision-making and the workforce, promote their entrepreneurial activities, and finally contribute to a just, equal, inclusive and resilient society and economy in Moldova. The project will promote gender-responsive policies and initiatives to address key barriers to women's socio-economic inclusion.


CULTURESCAPES - phasing out 2024-2025

10.06.2024 - 31.12.2025

The biennial festival CULTURESCAPES enables artists from and around the Sahara to perform and contribute to debates on specific topics relevant to the region, and to find new partners and networks. The festival takes place in several cantons of Switzerland in cooperation with various cuItural institutions. SDC’s contribution enables specific efforts regarding research, co-productions and gives artists visibility, skills and networks to benefit the cultural scene of their countries of origin.


Production des Connaissances et Appui Institutionnel pour une gestion intégrée des Ressources en Eau au Tchad - ResEau

01.06.2024 - 31.05.2028

Le Tchad subit fortement les effets du changement climatique avec des pluviométries aléatoires. Le sous-sol du Tchad dispose d’un important potentiel en eau. Faute de compétences nationales, ces ressources en eau restent très peu mobilisées. La DDC renforce, à travers ce projet, les compétences et les connaissances nationales pour favoriser une gestion durable de ces ressources et contribue ainsi à la résilience du Tchad face aux changements climatiques.


Climate Services for a Resilient Albania (ALBAdapt)

01.06.2024 - 31.12.2030

The project will increase Albania’s adaptive capacity and climate resilience through the effective generation and use of climate information and services. It will develop an innovative Multi Hazard Impact Based Early Warning System in line with international standards. The MeteoSwiss expertise will be of added value in leveraging the Green Climate Fund engagement and complementing the SECO contribution to this large strategic project.


Provision of CCCM, protection and social cohesion responses to Sudan crisis affected populations in Renk and Manyo Counties, Upper Nile

01.06.2024 - 31.12.2024

To respond to the needs of the growing number of refugees and returnees crossing the border into South Sudan due to the ongoing crisis in the Sudan, both in camp and host community settings. The intervention will improve CCCM, WASH2 and protection in Renk town, in the Transit Center (TC) at Renk and in the Reception Centre (RC) in Joda and Manyo.


Futuro Microbank

15.05.2024 - 31.12.2027

The microfinance institution Futuro Mcb, SA currently provides financial services (loans, savings, insurance) to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) mainly in and around Nampula city. Switzerland will continue to support Futuro with a grant for technical assistance that will help the bank to expand its impact by providing financial services to more low-income entrepreneurs in more regions in Northern Mozambique, thus allowing them to enhance their income and create more jobs.


Good Financial Governance (GFG)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2027

The project contributes to strengthen Tanzania’s public financial system, a central element to cement its economic status. The 3rd phase aims at expanding the mobilization of domestic revenue and improving the government’s expenditure control. It shall strengthen interinstitutional mechanisms for tax data exchange, enhance the audit system, and improve public procurement. At policy level, it seeks to develop an evidence-based and gender responsive fiscal strategy for better public service delivery to benefit the population, especially the poor.


Integrated Water Resources Management in Kosovo (IWRM-K)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2029

Switzerland assists water sector related governments, civil society and private sector stakeholders in Kosovo in the development/implementation of a national integrated and sustainable water resources management framework. Support activities combined with capacity development and awareness building will contribute to enhanced conservation, protection, quality and equitable distribution of water resources. Thus the project also contributes to good governance, reduced risks of internal and transboundary water-related conflicts, the mitigation of climate change impact as well to enhanced the health of the population.


Scaling Up Youth Employment in Agriculture Initiative

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2028

In Zambia and Zimbabwe, due to a mismatch between the skills they have and those in demand, youth cannot access or create economic opportunities and overlook those available. The project builds skills and matches youth with firms, markets and finance to create more and better (self)-employment in agri-food, renewable energy and emerging sectors, contributing to Swiss priorities on human and economic development and climate change. This is a contribution implemented by SNV.


Progressing towards Universal Health Coverage in Moldova

01.05.2024 - 30.06.2027

Switzerland supports Moldova’s efforts to achieve better health of the population, through ensuring universal access to affordable medical services of good quality. In its 2nd (exit) phase, the project will accompany the health authorities in advancing health financing and service delivery reforms, improving the efficiency and responsiveness of the healthcare system, promoting transparency and accountability in the health sector, and empowering service users and civil society organizations to oversee healthcare services, their quality and resource allocation.


Citizen Participation and Conflict Prevention programme (PCPC)

01.05.2024 - 31.12.2029

Rwanda has achieved notable progress with regard to socioeconomic development and improved social cohesion. However, the role of citizens in decision-making and in holding leaders to account remains insufficient affecting the sustainability of results. This programme will increase the capability of the 30 districts in Rwanda to properly engage citizens in decision-making processes and will strengthen local conflict-resolution mechanisms, hence contributing to improved accountability and lasting social cohesion.


From Education to Employment (E2E)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2028

To raise labour market participation and address the growing workforce shortage affecting the Serbian economy, in partnership with the Serbian Ministry of Labour, Swiss approaches and instruments for labour-market insertion will be adopted and scaled by key labour-market actors from the central and local Government, civil society and the private sector. Serbian companies will be capacitated to train their workforce independently and sustainably, and to fill vacancies through improved job matching services.

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