Migrazione

Migrazione: una priorità della DSC

© DSC

Il percorso di vita di un migrante ha molte sfaccettature. Nella maggior parte dei casi, i migranti contribuiscono con il proprio lavoro allo prosperità sia del loro Paese di residenza sia di quello d'origine. In caso di conflitti o di catastrofi naturali, i migranti devono piuttosto essere considerati delle vittime. Resi vulnerabili da questi eventi, hanno bisogno di particolare protezione.

Con la sua attività la DSC affronta i vari aspetti legati alla migrazione. Oltre a svolgere un lavoro sul campo, partecipa attivamente al dialogo politico su questo tema. I sei ambiti tematici seguenti riassumono il suo impegno.

Dialogo internazionale sulla migrazione

La DSC cerca soluzioni globali e contribuisce a dare forma al dialogo politico sulla migrazione e sullo sviluppo a livello internazionale.

Rifugiati e sfollati interni

La DSC cerca di tutelare i rifugiati e gli sfollati e di fare in modo che siano soddisfatti i loro bisogni essenziali.

Le diaspore

La DSC crea condizioni quadro favorevoli, incoraggia gli scambi e porta avanti progetti innovativi affinché le diverse comunità costrette alla diaspora possano contribuire allo sviluppo dei loro Paesi d’origine.

La migrazione della manodopera

La DSC si adopera affinché i migranti siano informati sui loro diritti e beneficino di condizioni di lavoro eque.

Politica estera della Svizzera in materia di migrazione

La DSC mette a profitto la propria esperienza e gli strumenti a sua disposizione per perseguire gli interessi di una coerente politica migratoria della Svizzera nel quadro di una collaborazione interdipartimentale.

Sito specializzato della DSC sul tema della migrazione

Informazioni specialistiche (news, documenti, strumenti, metodi) per lo scambio di conoscenze e la collaborazione con partner e specialisti

 http://www.sdc-migration.ch

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Migrare per il benessere sociale e lo sviluppo economico in Sri Lanka

I membri di una famiglia osservano di buon umore documenti di viaggio

01.03.2016 - 29.02.2020

Ogni anno sono parecchie le persone che lasciano lo Sri Lanka per lavorare alcuni anni all’estero, soprattutto negli Stati del Golfo. In questo modo promuovono lo sviluppo della propria patria, ma spesso sono maggiormente soggette a violazioni dei diritti umani fondamentali e in particolare dei diritti del lavoro. La DSC si impegna quindi a favore di condizioni quadro dignitose nell’ambito della migrazione del lavoro nella regione.

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Sri Lanka
Migrazione
Migrazione della manodopera
Migrazione in generale (aspetti relativi allo sviluppo e partenariati)

01.03.2016 - 29.02.2020


CHF 6'850'000



Ashshash: for men and women who have escaped trafficking

01.10.2022 - 28.02.2029

20,000 people (of whom 70% women) who have experienced trafficking will be economically and socially rehabilitated. Public and private institutions will provide employment or in-kind support for entrepreneurship to men and women who have escaped trafficking. The Government will better address the prevention of trafficking, protection of victims, prosecution of traffickers in the revision and enacting of policies, and create partnerships, for bringing about systemic changes.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.01.2022 - 31.08.2027

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their migration governance capacities so as to enable the organisation to effectively implement regional, continental and global regulatory standards for the protection of refugees and vulnerable migrants in the region.


Fair and ethical recruitment of migrant workers

01.11.2021 - 31.12.2023

Approximately 105 million people are currently working outside their country of origin. Many of these migrant workers have profited from international labour recruitment intermediaries. Millions, however, have become victims of abusive and exploitative practices by unethical recruiters. Working together with different actors, SDC will support initiatives to ensure fair and ethical recruitment. Migrants and their families will be better protected and thereby better enabled to contribute to the development of their countries of origin and destination.


Strengthening regional cooperation on migration in the Western Balkans

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2027

In light of diversifying migration patterns and challenges with increasing regional dimensions, the migration policy priorities of Western Balkan governments are changing and the relevance of regional dialogue, coordination and cooperation is growing. This proposal seeks to promote coherent and effective regional governance of migration in all its multifaceted dimensions contributing to greater social cohesion and regional integration in the Western Balkans.


The "Bosnia i Herzegovina"-Platform

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025

The Bosnia i Herzegovina Platform (BiH) is an initiative of diaspora associations that are already involved in development activities. The platform will enhance cooperation and strengthen the diaspora associations’ role as development actors. SDC aims at promoting the potential of migrants for sustainable development mainly through improved framework conditions. The permanent platform as an effective and dynamic network will set the grounds for competent coordination services to diaspora organizations, to the country of destination and to the country of origin.


Understanding and Managing internal migration in Mongolia

01.08.2019 - 31.07.2023

This project aims to contribute to improved management of internal migration in Mongolia - the main driving force behind rapid urbanization which poses increasing development challenges to the capital city Ulaanbaatar and rural areas of origin. Consistent integration of the migration perspective into planning and implementation of policies and actions will mitigate negative consequences of unmanaged migration and thus contribute to poverty reduction. Switzerland will add value to the project through its long-standing expertise in the migration field.


Enhance employability of migrants in Urban Cairo

01.07.2019 - 31.08.2022

Food-processing and the food service sector is ranked as Egypt’s second largest manufacturing industry This project supports the employability of vulnerable Egyptians and migrants, especially women, in the food sector.


IOM : Displacement tracking in Burundi

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2019

Avec environ 147'000 personnes déplacées internes et plus de 367'000 réfugiés dans les pays voisins, les effets de la crise politique au Burundi issue des élections contestées de 2015 et des conditions climatiques défavorables sont importants. Ce projet permet de fournir des informations fiables sur les mouvements de populations internes au Burundi et les besoins des personnes déplacées. La continuité de ce projet reste d’une importance capitale dans le contexte actuel.


Regional Housing Program (RHP)

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2021

Switzerland participates in the Regional Housing Programme which is a joint initiative by Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia. The aim is to contribute to the resolution of the protracted displacement situation of the most vulnerable refugees and displaced persons following the 1991-1995 conflicts on the territory of former Yugoslavia. RHP is expected to provide 11’300 housing units to 34’000 people.


Afghanistan: IOM Undocumented Afghan Returnees

15.02.2019 - 31.12.2022

In 2016, over a million Afghans who previously sought refuge in Pakistan and Iran returned to Afghanistan. Since the beginning of 2018, 700,056 undocumented Afghans have returned from both countries, due to diverse push factors including deteriorating protection space. The projecting for the year 2019 of undocumented Afghan returnees will be approx. 49,000 from Pakistan and 570,000 from Iran. The vast majority of them have lived outside of Afghanistan for decades, and are in dire need for humanitarian assistance, which they will receive through this project.


Moldova - Making the Most of Migration

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

One third of Moldovans already live abroad and the Government acknowledges that migration can bring many opportunities, if addressed and managed properly. SDC`s previous interventions resulted in a unique mobilization of migrants committed to contribute to the development of their home communities. Switzerland will further support Moldova in building a favorable environment for migrants to invest in their home country, as well as to provide good quality return and reintegration services.

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