Parità, questioni di genere e diritti delle donne in situazioni di conflitto e in contesti fragili

Una ragazzina in fila con altre coetanee, tutte con il velo bianco, si volta per guardare l’obiettivo.
Nelle situazioni di conflitto e post-conflitto, donne e uomini hanno ruoli, esigenze e vulnerabilità diversi. ©Photo ONU/Olivier Chassot

La DSC s’impegna per i diritti delle donne e delle bambine che vivono in situazioni di conflitto e per l’attuazione di misure di prevenzione contro la violenza di genere. Promuove inoltre la partecipazione delle donne ai processi di pace, di trasformazione e di costruzione delle strutture statali.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

Obiettivo fondamentale della DSC è rafforzare i diritti delle donne e delle bambine in contesti fragili e integrare le questioni della parità e di genere nei suoi progetti e nelle sue strategie conformemente al Piano d’azione nazionale 1325 (PAN 1325), con il quale la Svizzera adempie gli impegni previsti dalla Risoluzione 1325 del Consiglio di sicurezza dell’ONU del 2000.  Questa risoluzione è la prima nel suo genere a menzionare le conseguenze dei conflitti armati sulle donne e sulle bambine. Sottolinea inoltre l’importanza della partecipazione delle donne ai processi di pace.

La DSC ha definito due obiettivi prioritari per l’attuazione di questa risoluzione:

1. rafforzare l’impegno nel settore della prevenzione e della protezione dalla violenza di genere, ponendo l’accento in particolare sulle fasi post-conflittuali (contesti post-conflitto), sulle crisi umanitarie e sul coinvolgimento di uomini adulti e giovani nei progetti;

2. incoraggiare la partecipazione delle donne e l’integrazione delle questioni di genere nei processi locali di pace, di trasformazione e di costruzione delle strutture statali.

Contesto

Nelle situazioni di conflitto e post-conflitto, donne e uomini hanno ruoli, esigenze e vulnerabilità diversi. Le donne sono le più colpite dalla violenza di genere e vengono spesso respinte dalla loro comunità dopo aver subito una violenza; non bisogna però dimenticare la violenza sessuale esercitata dagli uomini su altri uomini, che rappresenta ancora un argomento tabù. La DSC si adopera per mettere in evidenza il ruolo degli uomini non solo come autori, ma anche come vittime della violenza.

La DSC cerca inoltre di coinvolgere maggiormente le donne nei processi nazionali e locali di governance e di pace, che sono in grado di influenzare positivamente. E intende infine promuovere tra gli uomini attività di prevenzione e promozione dell’uguaglianza affinché anch’essi si facciano sostenitori di questa causa, dato che questa non è unicamente nell’interesse delle donne ma dell’intera società. 

Progetti attuali

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Safeguard Young People (SYP) - Tanzania

Safeguard Young People Programme

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2026

With 62% of its population below 25 years, the Safeguard Young People (SYP) programme supports Tanzania’s demographic dividend. The project advances young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) through a gender-responsive and inclusive policy environment, empowered youth who make informed decisions, and responsive health and education systems. SYP builds on 10 years of regional experience and UNFPA’s expertise.


Burundi – Programme conjoint sur les droits humains

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

La situation des droits de l’homme au Burundi reste préoccupante en raison de la persistance des violations des droits de l’homme et de l'absence d'obligation de rendre des comptes. Le Programme conjoint sur les droits humains est une initiative multipartite (Gouvernement et bailleurs de fonds) qui vise à promouvoir l’application du cadre légal en matière de droits de l’homme par des institutions crédibles et efficaces.


EmPower II: Women for Climate Resilient Societies

01.12.2023 - 31.12.2025

With EmPower II, SDC contributes to a SIDA-funded project of UN-Women and UNEP promoting  climate-resilient development for women and other marginalized groups. SDC’s support enables disaggregated data products for gender-responsive DRR and climate strategies and enhances capacities on the subnational level among policy-makers and CSOs. SDC’s support also facilitates financial access and literacy on renewable energy in Cambodia, Bangladesh and Indonesia.


Pl SER Active Civil society Ph2

01.11.2023 - 31.10.2027

ACT-2 improves citizens’ participation in decision making at the local and national level through and with the support of civil society organizations (CSOs). Selected mission-driven CSOs are supported to strengthen constituency, diversify funding and effectively engage in advocacy. They jointly advocate with complementary CSOs and informal groups to increase impact and legitimacy. CSOs initiate dialogue and collaboration with local authorities, private sector and media to achieve development results.


Human Rights Grants (HRG) program in Tajikistan

01.10.2023 - 30.11.2025

The Human Rights grants program will support local and international organizations working in Tajikistan on acute Human Rights issues. The program will provide cofunding opportunities to selected projects related to child rights, freedom of press, human rights in custody, prevention of gender-based violence and the rights of migrants/refugees.


Decent Work Middle East

01.10.2023 - 30.09.2027

Migrant workers and refugees face obstacles to access decent work in the Middle East, one of the largest migrant hosting regions, which limits their ability to contribute to their countries of origin and destination. To maximize benefits of migration and reduce harm, Switzerland engages various public and private stakeholders for the promotion of decent working conditions in Jordan, Lebanon and the Gulf, through access to justice, migrant empowerment and addressing worker welfare in the green and just transition.


Norwegian Church Aid (NCA): Violence basée sur le Genre: dignité, résilience et prévention

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2025

La violence basée sur le genre et particulièrement la violence sexuelle est un des problèmes de protection le plus répandu et le plus grave auquel sont confrontées surtout les femmes et les filles à l’est de la RDC. Dans une approche intégrée, ce projet vise à la fois à répondre, prévenir et renforcer la résilience des individus et de la communauté face à la violence basée sur le genre.


Supporting returnee and host communities to rebuild livelihoods, generate income, and peacefully improve and manage natural resources for short-term relief and long-term food security (Triple Nexus) in South Sudan

01.07.2023 - 30.09.2025

This project will support returnees and the host communities to rebuild their livelihoods, generate income, and peacefully improve and manage natural resources for short-term relief and long-term food security. This will be achieved through increased food production, sustainable management and governance of natural resources, initiating alternative income opportunities, non-violent conflict resolution and GBV prevention. This intervention aligns with the humanitarian, peace and development nexus and will contribute to durable solutions. 


South Sudan: Plan International, Integrated Protection, Skills Building and Learning for Empowerment of Adolescents, Youth, families and communities in Yei, Morobo and Kajokeji

15.06.2023 - 14.06.2025

This project seeks to complement the previous phase of an integrated protection intervention. It will build on key successes, achievements and key lessons learned through the provision of integrated life-saving emergency child protection services, skills building, empowerment of adolescent youth and communities in the targeted locations. 


Women and Girls First

01.05.2023 - 31.12.2026

In Myanmar, the pandemic and military coup have increased the risks for gender-based violence (GBV) and deep-rooted gender inequality. Through the Women and Girls First programme, Switzerland supports women, girls and young people to realise their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and fulfil their potential. It does so by strengthening community-based and ethnic systems to be more responsive to needs related to GBV, SRHR and mental health.


Supporting displacement-affected communities to access essential services and achieve durable solutions in Diyala and Ninewa governorates, Iraq

15.04.2023 - 14.04.2025

Although the Islamic State (IS) was defeated territorially more than five years ago, 2.5 million people in Iraq are in need of humanitarian assistance. This project aims to address key protection issues, such as lack of access to civil legal documents, in displacement-affected communities in Diyala and Ninewa governorates. The goal is to achieve durable solutions through access to essential services and handover to national agencies through capacity building and advocacy.


Women’s Increased Leadership for Democracy in Georgia

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

To engage more women in Georgia’s political and public life, the WILD project will

(i) increase the political literacy and skills of 1’150 locally active women, their organizations and public servants;

(ii) sensitize 60 journalists, and 150 data producers and users on gender-related reporting;

(iii) contribute to development and adoption of gender-responsive laws and policies, benefitting some 38’350 public servants. The project will engage with men to foster behavioural change.

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