Parità, questioni di genere e diritti delle donne in situazioni di conflitto e in contesti fragili

Una ragazzina in fila con altre coetanee, tutte con il velo bianco, si volta per guardare l’obiettivo.
Nelle situazioni di conflitto e post-conflitto, donne e uomini hanno ruoli, esigenze e vulnerabilità diversi. ©Photo ONU/Olivier Chassot

La DSC s’impegna per i diritti delle donne e delle bambine che vivono in situazioni di conflitto e per l’attuazione di misure di prevenzione contro la violenza di genere. Promuove inoltre la partecipazione delle donne ai processi di pace, di trasformazione e di costruzione delle strutture statali.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

Obiettivo fondamentale della DSC è rafforzare i diritti delle donne e delle bambine in contesti fragili e integrare le questioni della parità e di genere nei suoi progetti e nelle sue strategie conformemente al Piano d’azione nazionale 1325 (PAN 1325), con il quale la Svizzera adempie gli impegni previsti dalla Risoluzione 1325 del Consiglio di sicurezza dell’ONU del 2000.  Questa risoluzione è la prima nel suo genere a menzionare le conseguenze dei conflitti armati sulle donne e sulle bambine. Sottolinea inoltre l’importanza della partecipazione delle donne ai processi di pace.

La DSC ha definito due obiettivi prioritari per l’attuazione di questa risoluzione:

1. rafforzare l’impegno nel settore della prevenzione e della protezione dalla violenza di genere, ponendo l’accento in particolare sulle fasi post-conflittuali (contesti post-conflitto), sulle crisi umanitarie e sul coinvolgimento di uomini adulti e giovani nei progetti;

2. incoraggiare la partecipazione delle donne e l’integrazione delle questioni di genere nei processi locali di pace, di trasformazione e di costruzione delle strutture statali.

Contesto

Nelle situazioni di conflitto e post-conflitto, donne e uomini hanno ruoli, esigenze e vulnerabilità diversi. Le donne sono le più colpite dalla violenza di genere e vengono spesso respinte dalla loro comunità dopo aver subito una violenza; non bisogna però dimenticare la violenza sessuale esercitata dagli uomini su altri uomini, che rappresenta ancora un argomento tabù. La DSC si adopera per mettere in evidenza il ruolo degli uomini non solo come autori, ma anche come vittime della violenza.

La DSC cerca inoltre di coinvolgere maggiormente le donne nei processi nazionali e locali di governance e di pace, che sono in grado di influenzare positivamente. E intende infine promuovere tra gli uomini attività di prevenzione e promozione dell’uguaglianza affinché anch’essi si facciano sostenitori di questa causa, dato che questa non è unicamente nell’interesse delle donne ma dell’intera società. 

Progetti attuali

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Participation des femmes dans le processus de paix, de sécurité et de relèvement au Mali

30.04.2024 - 31.03.2031

La Suisse s’engage au Mali pour une participation plus significative des femmes dans le processus de paix. Par l’intermédiaire de ONU-Femmes, les soutiens directs à des initiatives de la société civile malienne seront complétés par la réalisation du Plan d’Action National pour la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 1325 de l’ONU, concernant la participation de femmes dans les processus de paix et les garanties de sécurité. Le programme contribue ainsi à la stabilisation de la sous-région


Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project (GBV Project)

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

Gender-based violence is prevalent in Nepal because of patriarchal values, lack of rights awareness or support services and poor implementation of laws. In the first phase, the project will directly reach 50,000 households in three districts with GBV prevention activities involving women, girls, men and boys and will provide improved medical, psychosocial and legal services for a minimum of 1’000 GBV survivors. Subsequently, the coverage will be increased.


Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2024

In 2017, Switzerland embarked on a multi-donor project which laid a solid foundation for women’s economic empowerment in the South Caucasus, yet, further support is needed to fulfil women’s rights, which remain constrained by structural and cultural barriers. The Swiss-funded contribution will support capacity-building and provide technical assistance at institutions and policy level and, combined with activities at grassroots level, benefit at least 1’850 vulnerable women in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia


Support to the International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP)

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2024

Gender inequalities persist and are a major barrier for poverty reduction and sustainable inclusive development. SDC supports the International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) Asia Pacific, a non-governmental organisation working nationally, regionally, and globally towards the achievement of women's human rights, especially through the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) mechanism.


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Working for Health (W4H)

01.11.2020 - 31.10.2025

More health workers with the right skills are needed to achieve the SDGs, particularly in low income countries. Switzerland contributes to a joint WHO, ILO and OECD program providing catalytic support to governments, social partners and other key stakeholders to develop, finance and implement national health workforce strategies and investment plans. This will improve the supply and employment of health workers, maximise their performance, create decent jobs and accelerate progress towards UHC.   


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.


PSTIC: Provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Greater Cairo

21.08.2020 - 31.12.2021

The increase in migrants and refugees residing in Egypt, coupled with shrinking humanitarian funding are leaving many at protection risk. With new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protection risks have risen and needs are exacerbated. This project will respond to the immediate protection needs of refugees and migrants by providing a comprehensive package of gender sensitive emergency protection services in Greater Cairo, with a special focus on women and children at risk. 



Decent Work and Income Security for Women through Inclusive Growth and Investments in the Care Economy (ILO and UN Women)

15.06.2020 - 30.06.2023

Decent work and income security for women is the objective of Switzerland’s contribution to the joint ILO/UN Women programme. It will bring gender into the focus of macro-level and national policy planning, helping to translate global research into national action. Switzerland supports this systemic approach as it strengthens the economic independence of women and men. Switzerland provides direct channels to link the international policy dialogue in Geneva with countries in the global South.


Strengthening the Role of Local Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.05.2020 - 31.03.2024

The Project will enhance community governance in BiH by empowering local communities (MZs) as modern and effective structures for pro-active citizens’ participation. A new functional and organizational set up of MZs in BiH will be created and standardized countrywide. In turn, women and men will benefit from more people-centred local service delivery, better accountability and transparency of municipalities.

 

 

 


Women and Girls First

01.05.2020 - 31.12.2022

SDC up-scales the “Women and Girls First” program of its priority partner UN Population Fund in southern Shan, where no other donor is present. The program strengthens government, civil society and ethnic health providers’ systems to be responsive to the needs of young people related to sexual reproductive health and rights. It improves access to comprehensive gender-based violence, mental health and psychosocial support services, and enhances social cohesion.

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