Istruzione di base e formazione professionale

Des jeunes filles africaines lèvent la main.
Nella visione della DSC l’istruzione di base e la formazione professionale sono due aspetti interconnessi e complementari. © UN Photo / Marco Dormino

Una buona educazione è alla base dello sviluppo personale di ogni individuo e dello sviluppo economico e sociale di ogni società. L’istruzione contribuisce a ridurre la povertà e le disuguaglianze e stimola la crescita economica. La DSC persegue l’obiettivo di un’istruzione di qualità e accessibile a tutti in qualsiasi momento della vita adoperandosi in due settori prioritari: l’istruzione di base e la formazione professionale.

L’istruzione è essenziale per uno sviluppo sostenibile, che si fonda sulla coesione sociale e la pace in ogni società. L’obiettivo di un sistema educativo di qualità e accessibile, senza discriminazioni, in qualsiasi momento della vita è il quarto nell’elenco degli obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (OSS) dell’Agenda 2030. Insieme a quello di un lavoro dignitoso per tutti nell’ambito di una crescita economica duratura e all’obiettivo che punta a eliminare la povertà è al centro dell’impegno della DSC.

In quanto stimola una maggiore consapevolezza su vari piani, l’istruzione può anche contribuire a migliorare le pratiche sanitarie, a difendere l’idea di una produzione agricola responsabile o a sensibilizzare le popolazioni in merito agli effetti del cambiamento climatico.

È assolutamente necessario rafforzare i sistemi educativi in molti Paesi in via di sviluppo o in transizione. Garantire l’accesso all’istruzione è indispensabile inoltre nei contesti cosiddetti «fragili» in cui le disuguaglianze hanno la tendenza ad aggravarsi.

La DSC si impegna nello sviluppo di offerte di qualità nel campo dell’istruzione di base e della formazione professionale. Agli occhi della DSC queste due componenti sono interconnesse e complementari. E non soltanto in una prospettiva lineare di apprendimento. A seconda delle esigenze e dei contesti, può essere interessante proporre insieme moduli di istruzione di base e moduli di formazione professionale: si offrono così più opportunità di integrazione nel mondo del lavoro ai giovani, che possono dimostrare di avere all’attivo una serie di competenze di base.

Il rafforzamento delle offerte educative nei Paesi in via di sviluppo e in transizione è una delle priorità della cooperazione internazionale della Svizzera nei prossimi anni. 

Istruzione di base

La DSC promuove un’istruzione di base adeguata alle esigenze delle popolazioni, di elevata qualità e accessibile a tutti. A questo scopo affianca numerosi Paesi nel processo di riforma dei loro sistemi educativi.

Formazione professionale

Lavorare con le autorità pubbliche e il settore privato permette di sviluppare offerte formative adeguate alle esigenze del mercato. Più giovani possono dunque trovare un lavoro dignitoso e contribuire allo sviluppo del loro Paese.

Progetti attuali

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UN Joint Programme on Youth Employment

01.01.2025 - 31.12.2028

Cambodia is the most youthful country in South East Asia with more than 50% of the population below 25 years. The key challenge of Cambodia is to create decent and productive employment opportunities for new entrants to the labour market. With its contribution, SDC addresses the challenge by enabling young people to have access to skills and quality education and employment whilst promoting rightful and decent working conditions.


UNHCR – Solution Strategies for Education and Livelihood of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2026

As part of Switzerland’s commitment to financing sustainable solutions for Afghan refugees, the contribution to UNHCR in Pakistan aims at improving the education and livelihoods prospects of around 60’000 Afghan refugee youths in three provinces of Pakistan. It strengthens Switzerland’s pledge at the Global Refugee Forum 2019 scaling up its support to the inclusion of refugee children in education in line with “SDC’s Education Strategy.


Soutien aux acteurs suisses de la coopération internationale en éducation (NORRAG et RECI)

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2025

L’éducation joue un rôle clé pour les objectifs de l’Agenda 2030. La contribution aux deux institutions Suisses, le Réseau sur les politiques et la coopération internationale en éducation et en formation (NORRAG), institut spécialisé en recherche appliquée en éducation, et le Réseau suisse éducation et coopération internationale (RECI), réseau de la société civile engagé en éducation dans la coopération internationale, vise à renforcer leurs interventions dans les pays en développement et le positionnement suisse en éducation à l’international.  


Support to Safe Spaces for Women, Youth and Children in Gaza Strip

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2024

Switzerland promotes social cohesion and civic peace through creating safe spaces for women, youth, and persons with disabilities in the Gaza Strip. By fostering local capacities and promoting community-led initiatives Safe Spaces strengthens the resilience of vulnerable groups. This second phase puts a stronger accent on skills and economic empowerment for youth in line with the Cooperation Programme 2021-24. By advocating for inclusive societies it contributes to mitigate the spread of extremism and radicalization.


Formation continue en Genre et Developpement en Afrique francophone

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2026

Le Projet contribue par des cours de formation continue de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement (IHEID) a une meilleure expertise et intégration de la problématique de l’inégalités des sexes dans les politiques et programmes de développement dans les pays francophones d'Afrique (Ouest et Grands Lacs) ainsi qu’un meilleur ancrage dans les institutions locales. Le projet est aligné avec l’engagement de la Suisse pour l’égalité entre les sexes.


Contribution to the UNESCO Global Education Monitoring Report (GEMR) and the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP)

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2025

The Global Education Monitoring Report and the International Institute for Educational Planning contribute to ensure equitable, inclusive quality education for all (SDG 4) by producing rigorous evidence, data and recommendations on education and by strengthening education systems’ policies, planning and management. Their work is critical for SDC’s global and bilateral policy dialogue and Switzerland’s added value on systems strengthening and evidence based policy and practice.


ASPBAE - Contribution to Asia South Pacific association for Basic and Adult Education

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland’s support of civil society organizations rests on the key role these play for reaching the Education goal (SDG4) of the Agenda 2030. The Asia South Pacific association for Basic and Adult Education is an influential civil society network engaged in the promotion of inclusive, equitable quality education and lifelong learning for the most marginalized in the Asia region as well as at global level. The Swiss contribution to ASPBAE strengthens the civil society at regional and global level and enriches Switzerland’s policy dialogue on education in the Asia Pacific region and globally.  


Impact of Innovative Financing for Education to Leave No One Behind (IFE-2-LNOB)

01.10.2021 - 31.03.2032

Innovative financing mechanisms for education are expected to help reaching SDG 4 on inclusive and equitable quality education. However, limited research has been conducted on these mechanisms. IFE-2-LNOB will assess specific innovative financing mechanisms such as impact bonds and a social lending scheme with regards to their effectiveness and cost efficiency towards quality education of marginalized children and young adults.


LEB Access and Quality Education for refugee and vulnerable host community children

01.10.2021 - 30.09.2024

The education sector in Lebanon is facing multiple crises, leading to the discontinuity of learning for many children. Switzerland’s contribution to Plan International and Save the Children will provide children in the Bekaa and Baalbek-Hermel governorates with improved access to and retention in quality, safe and inclusive education. The project follows a triple nexus approach by considering immediate humanitarian needs and aiming at the reintegration of out-of-school children while fostering social cohesion in a context of mounting tensions. 


PAGEDA - Programme d’Appui à la Gestion Décentralisée de l’Alphabétisation

01.10.2021 - 30.09.2025

La phase 2 du  Programme d’Appui à la Gestion Décentralisée de l’Alphabétisation vise à renforcer les efforts du gouvernement du Bénin et des communes  pour  permettre à 30’000 citoyen:nes dont 50% de femmes, principalement les jeunes entre 15 - 30 ans, exclus du système éducatif formel, d’acquérir des compétences de vie courante, d’exercer pleinement leur droit de citoyenneté et promouvoir leur insertion professionnelle.


UN CC:Learn – The One UN Climate Change Learning Partnership – Phase V

15.09.2021 - 31.12.2025

UN CC:Learn is the partnership of key multilateral organizations assisting member states in designing and implementing learning to address climate change. It supports countries in developing national strategies and designs and promotes learning materials to strengthen human resources and skills for climate resilient-development and global climate literacy. Switzerland’s focus therein is on further advancing the youth component and strengthening the sustainability aspects of the initiative.


Medical Education Reform

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024

The project is improving the quality of health services through well-trained health professionals. The exit phase will strengthen professional associations, modernize nursing education and establish an independent competency assessment centre. The Ministry of Health and Social Development delegated the competency development and assessment role to the Professional Associations, which are the key partners to implement the project’s interventions.

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