Moves to rebuild the police come at a testing time for where violence has continually surged in recent months and years, leaving thousands of people dead. As part of international efforts to boost law and order, contributes to the reform of the Afghan security sector. Its engagement falls under the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA), which was set up by the United Nations in May 2002 together with the Afghan Ministry of Finance as the executing agency and the Ministry of Interior as the implementing entity. The UN Development Programme (UNDP) was entrusted with the management of the respective funds.
The main purpose of the LOTFA is to finance and support the formation of the renewed national police forces in . The priorities to be addressed are the nationwide payment of police staff salaries, the acquisition of non-lethal equipment, institutional rehabilitation and the development of the required capacity. Since 2003, Switzerland has contributed more than CHF 5 million.