Nepal Vocational Qualifications System (NVQS)

Projet terminé

In Nepal, 500’000 youths enter the labour market yearly but remain un- or underemployed. The project will support the Ministry of Education to establish a National Vocational Qualifications Framework and a corresponding NVQ Authority to manage it. Learners and workers, especially from disadvantaged groups, will benefit from an improved vocational training qualification and skills certification system, thus increasing their chances for sustainable and decent employment.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Emploi & développement économique
Formation professionelle
Création d'emplois
Formation professionnelle
Politique commerciale & system de marché
Travailleurs migrants
01.02.2014 - 31.12.2020
CHF  5’221’000

Every year 500’000 youths enter the labour market, 80% of whom are unskilled, have not finished high school and are thus denied equal opportunities in the employment system. In the absence of available formal vocational training, many youths work as unskilled labourers, remain un- or underemployed or choose to migrate for better employment. Those who are employed acquire skills through informal training beforehand or on the job. Against this background, skills testing offers candidates an assessment and official certification of competencies, irrespective of where and how these competencies were gained.

Through the National Skill Testing Board (NSTB), a system of vocational qualifications is emerging. The Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Policy approved in 2012 now stipulates the establishment of a National Vocational Qualifications Framework and the transformation of the NSTB into a National Vocational Qualifications Authority (NVQA) to manage it.



The overall goal of the project is to achieve systemic changes in the TVET system that will enable women and men including disadvantaged groups to get access to increased employment and self-employment and to perform at higher productivity levels.

This, in turn, shall lead to higher income, enhanced livelihood and resilience, and thus combat poverty and promote inclusive growth


Groupes cibles

The primary target group includes the learners, job seekers and workers. Besides them, employers and small businesses, training providers (non-formal TVET sector), training companies (on-the-job training, apprenticeship), and the staff of the emerging NVQA themselves are the secondary beneficiaries

Effets à moyen terme
  1. NSTB successfully manages the emerging Vocational Qualifi­cations Frameworks (VQF) and is prepared for its transformation into a NVQA
  2. Nepalese youths, especially from the disadvantaged groups, are better employable in the labour market or in self-employment



Principaux résultats attendus:  

  • NSTB’s services and outreach are improved
  • A comprehensive NVQF  with the TVET pathways in two sectors is put into practice
  • Transformation of NSTB into NVQA designed and initiated
  • Youths benefit from the newly established and nationally recognized Vocational Qualifications Framework.
  • Youths working in the informal sector benefit from the system of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
  • Migrant returnees  benefit from the system of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


Principaux résultats antérieurs:  

The Baseline study on the capacity, the financial management, the quality of the delivered services, and the perception of the NSTB employees was conducted. Its findings directly informed the planning and implementation strategy at macro, meso and micro level which is outlined in the Project Document. The Project Document was shared with the stakeholders from the TVET and private sector; the main stakeholders confirmed their support to the project and the Ministry of Finance (MoF) communicated its willingness to finance the planned building for the NSTB/NVQA.

Direction/office fédéral responsable DDC
Crédit Coopération au développement
Partenaire de projet Partenaire contractuel
Secteur privé
Institution étatique étrangère
Organisation suisse à but non lucratif
  • Central State of South East
  • Autre organisation suisse non-profit
  • Secteur privé suisse
  • Swisscontact

Autres partenaires

Private sector service providers

Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs

Other donor funded TVET projects. Synergies with other Swiss projects/programs  such as  SaMi, ENSSURE, NASDP, NAMDP, MSFP

Budget Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF    5’221’000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF    4’555’789
Phases du projet Phase 2 16.07.2020 - 15.07.2026   (Phase en cours)

Phase 1 01.02.2014 - 31.12.2020   (Completed)