Bosnia and Herzegovina’s water supply system has been dilapidated for many years. The country’s water and sanitation infrastructure used to function well but maintenance has been neglected because of a lack of funds, particularly in rural areas. This means that in 2018, more than 60% of people living in the countryside are not connected to a sewerage system and around 80% of wastewater goes back into circulation unfiltered. This impacts negatively on peoples’ health and slows down economic development in rural areas.
That is why the SDC created a project which aims to improve governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s economy and water supply system and is being implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) from 2014 to 2020. The goal of the project is to advance democratisation in the country. In a democracy, minorities have opportunities to stand up for their rights, and a democratic system ensures that a country’s infrastructure and public services function properly. The project follows three basic lines of approach:
it supports decentralisation, which strengthens municipalities;
it teaches citizens to take part in political processes and represent their interests;
it brings together a network of private sector specialists who have direct contact with the government and can lobby for economic progress.