Strengthening State Strategies for Climate Actions (3SCA)

Responding to the Government of India’s request for Swiss expertise in disaster risk reduction and water resource management in mountain ecosystems, the project will support the Himalayan States of Uttarakhand and Sikkim to improve resilience against climate change in these sectors. Through relevant Government institutions, the project will build capacities for replication of project inter-ventions in the 12 Himalayan States, support policy uptake and share results regionally and globally. 

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Klimawandel & Umwelt
Reduktion von Katastrophenrisiken DRR
Einsparung von Wasserressourcen
01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025
CHF  5’200’000
Hintergrund The Global Climate Risk Index 2019 ranks India among the most vulnerable countries to climate change. Recognizing the climate vulnerability of the country, the Government of India has encouraged all the states to develop action plans on climate change outlining the relevant climate strategies across key sectors. GPCCE India has been supporting 3 States to understand sectoral vulnerabilities and implement adaptation actions. Within India one of the most vulnerable ecosystems is the Himalayas, which represent 16% of the total land of the country. The two most immediate impacts of climate change in this region would be an increase in disasters such as glacial lake outbursts and flash floods and changes in water resource availability and river flows that would affect mountain communities and downstream populations. In 2018, the government of India has established the Indian Himalayan Council to bring together the 12 States and their political leaders. The enhanced focus of India on sustainable development of the Himalayas, coupled with growing recognition of Switzerland’s expertise in addressing climate change concerns in mountain ecosystems, offers an opportunity to strategically focus the phase 2 of the 3SCA project in the Himalayan region. 
Ziele To integrate climate actions into national and sub-national planning and implementation, benefitting local communities.
Zielgruppen Direct beneficiaries of the project will be the officials and the technical personnel of the state departments (including water, disaster management, climate change, science and technology and planning) and national agencies (disaster management, science and technology and water) whose capacities to address climate change will be strengthened. The project, through its climate resilience interventions, will indirectly benefit at least 200,000 people that are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.  
Mittelfristige Wirkungen

1) Integrated approaches for climate resilient management of water resources and disaster risk are developed and validated;

2) Enhanced technical and institutional capacities promote mainstreaming of climate resilient planning in water and disaster risk reduction; and

3) Integrated climate resilience approaches in water and disaster risk reduction get embedded in the policy framework and are replicated across the Indian Himalayan region and other mountain regions.


Erwartete Resultate:   Establishment and replication of early warning systems for landslides and glacial lake outburst floods in the Himalayan region; 2) Development of a glacio-hydrological model for integrated water management; 3) Development of a science based integrated springshed management approach; 4) Policy guidelines for upscaling of the innovative strategies; 5) A cadre of trained officials / scientists to design, budget and implement climate resilience actions in water and disaster risk  sectors; 6) Sharing of the innovative process and approaches across the Indian Himalayan region as well as the broader international community.

Resultate von früheren Phasen:   In the first phase, the project was active in the states of Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh  and successfully 1) established inter-departmental teams and built their capacities to plan and implement adaptation actions; 2) leveraged CHF 4.2 million from various adaptation funds for implementing adaptation actions; 3) embedding of climate change concerns into forest working plans; and 3) initiation of partnerships with National Disaster Management Authority to prepare the National Guidelines on Management of glacial  risks. 

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Kreditbereich Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
  • Ausländischer Privatsektor Süden/Osten
  • Schweizerischer Privatsektor
  • SDC Field Office

Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren The project will collaborate with the National Disaster Management Authority, NITI Aayog (formerly Planning Commission of India), Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, State nodal agencies, Sectoral departments (water, disaster management), national and international experts. Regular knowledge exchanges will be held with the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, the SDCs Global Project on Climate Change Adaptation in Mountains, Disaster Risk Reduction Programme, SDC Networks, and other donors supporting implementation of State Action Plans for Climate Change.
Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF    5’200’000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF    2’958’424
Projektphasen Phase 2 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2025   (Laufende Phase) Phase 1 01.01.2014 - 31.10.2020   (Completed)