Switzerland and the United Kingdom (UK) have maintained close relations over many years founded on similar ideas in areas such as the rule of law, fundamental freedoms, social and economic order, and good governance, and with a special focus on economic and financial market issues.
For Switzerland and the UK, the decision by a majority of UK voters to leave the EU (Brexit referendum of 23 June 2016) meant that numerous provisions which used to be regulated under EU law must now be negotiated bilaterally. Since 1 January 2021, these have been succeeded by a series of follow-up agreements that Switzerland negotiated with the UK as part of its Mind the Gap strategy (including Mind the Gap+).
With this strategy, the Federal Council laid the groundwork for a new legal basis for the relationship between Switzerland and the UK after the UK's withdrawal from the EU. To this end, Switzerland and the UK have concluded new agreements covering trade, migration, road and air transport, and insurance.