Wind farm on Mont Crosin
Wind farm on Mont Crosin © Ringier

Switzerland's energy consumption is fed mainly by imported, non-renewable sources.  The Energy Strategy 2050, launched by the Federal Council in 2011, seeks to reduce consumption and promote the use of more sustainable sources of energy.

Switzerland's main sources of energy are oil, nuclear and hydroelectric power and natural gas. Around 80% of Switzerland's energy consumption is fed by non-renewable, imported sources. In 2011, Switzerland embarked on an energy transition to reduce its reliance on imports of fossil fuels. 

The new energy strategy, which will be implemented in stages, aims by 2050 to massively reduce energy consumption and significantly increase the share of renewables in Switzerland's energy mix. Switzerland's nuclear power plants are to be decommissioned at the end of their operating lives.

Energy – Facts and Figures

The main sources of energy in Switzerland are oil, natural gas, nuclear power and hydropower. Since 2005 Switzerland has seen a surge in the use of renewable energies such as ambient heat, biomass, wind power and solar power.

Energy Policy

Fossil fuels are the primary source of energy in Switzerland. The federal government has set itself the target of a 20% reduction in fossil fuel consumption and a 50% increase in the share of renewable energies by 2020.

Energy Transition

Switzerland pursues an ambitious energy strategy which will be implemented until 2050. One of its main aims is the phase-out of nuclear power.

Renewable Energy

The renewable energy sector in Switzerland has grown sharply over the last few years. Hydropower is by far the country's most important domestic source of renewable energy.

Non-renewable energy

Non-renewable energy sources dominate Switzerland’s energy mix, hence the country’s heavy reliance on imports to cover its energy needs.