The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) ensures that people with disabilities enjoy all human rights and participate in public, economic and social life. It does not contain any special rights, but defines universal human rights from the perspective of people with disabilities. The aim is to promote equal opportunities for people with disabilities and to prevent discrimination against them in society.
The Convention includes the rights to:
- lead an independent and autonomous life
- found one's own family
- an adequate living standard and social protection
- access education
- participate in public and cultural life, and
- protection against multiple discrimination, violence, exploitation or abuse
States parties are obliged to create 'focal points' that supervise the implementation of their commitments under the Convention. They must also develop a national programme to implement and promote the Convention.
The Convention was ratified by Switzerland on 15 April 2014, where it came into force on 15 May that year.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities