After the end of the decade-long armed conflict in 2006, Nepal embarked on a journey to address the root causes of the conflict, namely poverty, social marginalisation and discrimination. The 2015 Constitution enabled a political transformation from a centralised unitary government to a federal government system, allowing for greater inclusion of the population in the political process. The implementation of the constitution is therefore key in addressing the root causes of conflict, and in leading Nepal towards a lasting peace. Switzerland supports Nepal in its state and peacebuilding process through both development cooperation and peacebuilding instruments.
Federal state building represents a core priority of the Swiss Cooperation Programme 2023-26 for Nepal. Furthermore, Switzerland also continues to support Nepal in its transitional justice process, which is an integral part in the conclusion of the peace process. Switzerland engages with political leaders to ensure that the federal state fulfils its responsibilities with respect to transitional justice, and it provides technical expertise in the Nepali-led process upon request.